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Ch. 12 Sports Med.

What is the largest bone of the upper extremity? The humerus.
What are the two bones of the forearm? The ulna and radius.
What two joints make up the elbow? The humeroulnar and humeroradial.
What is the medial collateral ligament attached to? The humerus and ulna.
What is the lateral collateral ligament attached to? The humerus and the radius.
What does the annular ligament attach to? The ulna and completely encircles the head of the radius.
What muscles control the elbow's movement? Biceps, triceps, and brachialis.
What muscles allow the forearm to flex and pronate? The flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum sublimis, and flexor pollicis longus.
What are some minor conditions of the wrist that athletes suffer from? Blisters, calluses, and acute sprains and strains.
What is the most commonly fractured carpal bone? The scaphiod.
What is subungal hematoma? When the fingernail recieves a contusion, a subungual hematoma can occur.
What immediate treatment should be done for a subungal hematoma? Ice and medical referral to remove the blood.
What is becomes inflammed when epicondylitis occurs? The epicondyle and the tissues adjoining the humerus.
Where does epicondylitis commonly occur? The elbow joint.
What is medial epicondylitis referred to? Pitcher (little league) elbow.
What is lateral epicoylitis referred to? Tennis elbow.
Where do dislocations and subluxations commonly occur? The head of the radius, lunate and phalanges.
What is one of the most disabling conditions in sports? A saphoid fracture.
What medical condition is caused by pressure on the median nerve? Carpal tunnel syndrome.
How does treatment usually begin when carpal tunnel syndrome occurs? With a wrist splint, rest and medications.
How does Olecranon Bursitis occur? By a direct blow or overuse
Created by: mhtgroup
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