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Bill Kuhar ch 8 comp

QuestionAnswer
80-conductor IDE cable An IDE cable that has 40 pins but uses 80 wires, 40 of which are ground wires designed to reduce crosstalk on the cable. The cable is used by ATA/66 and higher IDE drives.
ANSI A nonprofit organization dedicated to creating trade and communications standards.
ATAPI An interface standard, part of the IDE/ATA standards, that allows tape drives, optical drives, and other drives to be treated like an IDE hard drive by the system.
autodetection A feature of system BIOS and hard drives that automatically identifies and configures a new drive in BIOS setup.
block mode A method of data transfer between hard drive and memory that allows multiple data transfers on a single software interrupt.
boot record The first sector of a floppy disk or hard drive volume; it contains information about the disk or volume. On a hard drive, if the boot record is in the active partition, then it can be used to boot the OS. Also called boot sector.
boot sector The first sector of a floppy disk or hard drive volume; it contains information about the disk or volume. On a hard drive, if the boot record is in the active partition, then it can be used to boot the OS. Also called boot record.
cluster One or more sectors that constitute the smallest unit of space on a disk for storing data (also referred to as a file allocation unit). Files are written to a disk as groups of whole clusters.
DMA A transfer mode used by devices, including the hard drive, to transfer data to memory without involving the CPU.
EIDE A standard for managing the interface between secondary storage devices and a computer system. A system can support up to four parallel ATA IDE devices such as hard drives, CD-ROM drives, and DVD drives.
 

 



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