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J Architecture Terms

Fine Arts

QuestionAnswer
masonry on a wall that supports an arch. abutment
a pedestal or ornament at the angle of a pediment. acroter acroterion acroterium
pertaining to an ACROTERIUM; as, acroterial ornaments. acroterial
an unburnt brick dried in the sun. adobe
like ADOBE. adobelike
an opening such as a door or window framed by columns on either side and pediments above. aedicule+
a hooked clasp used by masons to hold blocks together. agrafe agraffe
a passageway separating seating areas in a theatre, church, etc.; gangway. aisle
having aisles. aisled
with columns at each end but not at sides. amphiprostyle
a small ring around a classical column. annulet
1. (Lat.) a square pilaster at either side of a doorway. Pl. ANTAE. 2. an Indonesian animal. Pl. ANTAS. anta
an ornament at the end of a classical building, hiding the ends of roof tiles. Pl. ANTEFIXA, ANTEFIXAE. antefix
an ornament at the end of a classical building, hiding the ends of roof tiles. Pl. ANTEFIXAE. antefixa
relating to an ANTEFIX, an ornament at the end of a classical building. antefixal
a flat cluster of leaves or flowers as an ornament in classical art; in architecture, a honeysuckle ornament. Pl. ANTHEMIA. anthemion
the curve where a column merges in its base or capital. [Gk. apophyge, escape]. apophyge
wingless; (Arch.) without columns along the sides. apteral
a set of arches and their supporting columns; a covered and sometimes arched passageway, usually with shops on one or both sides; (verb) to furnish with an arcade. arcade
arcades collectively. arcading
a small or blind arcade. arcature
(noun) an arched structure. arching
(verb) to construct. architect
of or pertaining to architecture or architects. architectonic
parts surrounding a door or window, especially the top. architrave
a curved moulding on the face of an arch. archivolt
a small arch. archlet
a passageway or entrance under an arch or arches. archway
the fusion of architecture with ecology. arcology
a sunken area leading to a basement entrance. areaway
having columns four diameters or more apart; (noun) a building or colonnade so built. areostyle araeostyle
alternately ARAEOSTYLE and SYSTYLE. areosystile araeosystyle
a sharp edge on stone; a meeting of two surfaces. arris
a squared or dressed stone used in building or facing a wall; (verb) to face with ashlar. ashlar ashler
without a central column or stele. astelic
the absence of a central cylinder or stele. astely
lacking columns. astylar
1. a book of maps. Pl. ATLASES. 2. a figure of a man serving as a column in a building. Pl. ATLANTES. atlas
the outer wall or courtyard of a castle. bailey
a miniature balcony. balconet
having a balcony. balconied
a platform projecting from the wall of a building with a balustrade or railing along its outer edge, often with access from a door or window. balcony
a moulding around a panel. balection
the outer wall and first line of defence of a castle. [LL. form of BAILEY]. ballium
a small pillar supporting a stair-rail. baluster
having balusters. balustered
a row of columns supporting a stair rail. balustrade
a small flat moulding around a column. bandelet
any of the upright pillars supporting the handrail of a staircase; the whole structure of rail and uprights. banister bannister
an outer defensive work; esp a tower at a gate or bridge. barbican
a board projecting from a roof gable. bargeboard
a battlement or turret on the outer wall of a castle. barmkin
a small overhanging turret projecting from an angle on the top of a tower. bartisan bartizan
having a BARTIZAN. bartizaned
a board, or other woodwork, carried round the walls of a room and touching the floor, to form a base and protect the plastering; aka MOPBOARD, skirting board. baseboard
a tower or an elevated work, used for the defense, or in the siege, of a fortified place. bastile bastille
a tower at the corner of a fortification. [OF bastir, to build]. bastion
having bastions. bastioned
(noun) decoration in the form of or resembling beads, esp. lacelike looped edging. beading
an ornamental structure to hold one or two large bells. bellcote
a structure (such as a cupola or a summerhouse) designed to command a view. [Ital. bel, beautiful + vedere, view]. belvedere
a narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch. berm berme
the French name for concrete; hence, concrete made after the French fashion. beton
see BOLECTION. bilection+
hollow blocks of precast concrete used for building. blockwork
a decorative moulding above or around a panel etc. bolection bilection+
a stone running through a wall from one face to another, to bind it together; a binding stone. bondstone
having a convex front. bowfront
(noun) a brace or reinforcement. bracing
a stand of wood for a cask or hayrick; a rail round a well. brandreth
a beam supporting the front of a building. breastsummer bressummer
a roofed often open passage connecting two buildings or two halves of a building. breezeway
a rectangular block of clay mixed with sand and fired in a kiln or baked by the sun, used in building construction. brick
brickwork. bricking
a structure, such as a wall, built of bricks; construction using bricks. brickwork
of or like a brick: BRICKIER, BRICKIEST. bricky
a board on both sides of a staircase that is cut to support the treads and risers. bridgeboard
a brick-shaped block made of compressed coal-dust; (verb) to form into briquettes. briquet briquette
a buttress of an arch; the supporter, or that part which joins it to the upright pier. butment
an external structure built to support a wall or a building; something or someone that supports; (verb) to support. buttress
(noun) a lead rod for framing a pane in a leaded or stained glass window. came
chambered, vaulted. cameral
chambered, vaulted. N.B. there is no verb CAMERATE*. camerated
a vaulting or arching over. cameration
a vertically-hinged frame with glass forming (part of) a window. casement
one of the slender stems springing from the CAULES or main stalks supporting the volutes in the Corinthian capital. Pl. CAULICULI. cauliculus
a concave molding; -- used chiefly in classical architecture. Pl. CAVETTOS or CAVETTI. cavetto
to provide with a ceiling. ceil ciel
the inner upper surface of a room. ceiling cieling
having a ceiling. ceilinged
decoration around a door frame or fireplace. chambranle
the capital of a column. [Fr. chapitre]. chapiter
the capital of a pillar which supports an arch. chaptrel
a chimney. chimbley chimbly chimla chimley chumley
a sill. cill
a narrow board, thicker at one edge than at the other, used for weatherboarding the outside of houses; (verb) to cover with clapboard. clapboard
upper storey of a church; windows near the roof of a building. clearstory clerestory
completely roofed over. cleithral clithral
a very hard paving brick. clinker klinker
a wedge; a cornerstone; (verb) to secure or raise by wedging. coign coigne quoin
a row of evenly spaced column or trees. colonnade
pertaining to columns; like a column; formed or arranged in columns. columnal columnar
having columns; as, columnated temples. columnated
having columns. columned
a space left unroofed over the court of a Roman dwelling, through which the rain fell into the IMPLUVIUM or cistern. Pl. COMPLUVIUMS or COMPLUVIA. compluvium
a mortar of cement; a mixture of whiting, resin and glue for ornamenting walls and cornices. Pl. COMPOS. compo
the plain semidome of an APSE; sometimes used for the entire apse. Pl. CONCHAE. concha
joining together of timber. contignation
said of an attic room with the inside ceiling sloping from the wall. coomceiled
a stone for coping. copestone
(noun) the covering course of the masonry of a wall. coping
a CORBEL, a projection of stone or wood from the face of a wall, used for supporting pillars or other weights. corbe
a projection of stone or wood from the face of a wall, used for supporting pillars or other weights. corbel
having CORBELS. corbeled corbelled
corbels taken collectively. corbeling corbelling
a moulding at the junction of ceiling and walls; (verb) to provide with a cornice. cornice
having a CORNICE. corniced
an enclosed, usu. roofless courtyard. Pl. CORTILI. cortile
a piece of timber having a groove in which something glides. coulisse
formed with an arch. coved
the projection of upper storeys over lower; a quadrant moulding covering the join between wall and ceiling. coving
a crenellation; (verb) to crenellate: CRENELED/CRENELLED. crenel
to provide with battlements. crenelate crenellate
a crenellation. crenelle
minutely crenate. crenulate
an ornamental ridging to a wall or roof. cresting
a timber framework for e.g. a pier or mine. cribwork
a curling leaf along the outer angles of pinnacles and gables. crocket
having CROCKETS, curling leaves along the outer angles of pinnacles and gables. crocketed
a beam joining other beams. crossbeam
a small projecting part of an impost-stone at the extremity of an arch. crossette
a supporting tie placed transversely. crosstie
tied with a CROSSTIE, supporting tie placed transversely. crosstied+
a step-like figure on a gable. crowstep
one of a pair of curved timbers supporting a roof. cruck
a cellar, vault, or underground chamber, esp. beneath a church, where it is often used as a chapel, burial place, etc. crypt
a spherical vault or concave ceiling; (verb) to furnish with a cupola. cupola
of or like a CUPOLA. cupolar
furnished with a CUPOLA. N.B. there is no verb CUPOLATE. cupolated
relating to a prehistoric Greek style of masonry with immense stones of irregular form. cyclopean cyclopian
an ogee moulding of the cornice. Pl. CYMAE or CYMAS. cyma
the topmost molding of a cornice. Pl. CYMATIA. cymatium
a skirting-board. Pl. DADOS or DADOES. (Verb) to fit with a dado: DADOED, DADOING. dado
a slab or tile, often decorative. dalle
a strong shutter, made to fit open ports and keep out water in a storm. deadlight
a portico with ten columns in front. decastyle
a half-moon-shaped object, body, or structure. Also SEMILUNE. demilune
a DENTICLE, a small square block in a moulding. dentel dentil
with DENTILS or rectangular blocks. dentiled
a structure of interlocking diagonal beams used for support. diagrid
with columns about three diameters apart. diastyle
a projecting face like the TRIGLYPH, but having only two channels or grooves sunk in it. diglyph
a building with a double peristyle or colonnade. Pl. DIPTEROI or DIPTEROSES. dipteros
a portico with two columns. distyle
a space for two triglyphs in the entablature between columns. ditriglyph
an adobe, a sun-dried brick. dobie doby
of or relating to a house or dome. domal
like a dome. domic domical
in a domical manner. domically+
dome-like; having domes: DOMIER, DOMIEST. domy
a strong central tower in ancient castles. donjon
a hinged or sliding panel for closing the entrance to a room, cupboard, etc. door
the frame of a door. Also DOORFRAME. doorcase+
the frame of a door. doorframe+
one of the two vertical members forming the sides of a doorframe. doorjamb doorpost
the sill or threshold of a door. doorsill
the stone forming a threshold. doorstone
an opening into a building, room, etc., esp. one that has a door. doorway
(noun) a crossbeam, a joist. dormant
a gabled window. dormer
having DORMER windows. dormered+
a block resting on the capital of a column. dosseret
an ogee moulding of the cornice. doucine
a drainpipe which takes rainwater from the gutter of a roof. downpipe
a hole in the wall of a tower, steeple etc. admitting light. dreamhole
an apparatus for bringing artificial light down from a chandelier nearer to a table or desk; a pendant. droplight
constructed of stone without mortar. drystone
a wall constructed of stones without mortar. drywall
something used to hide structural defects. dutchman
a piece of timber used to reinforce joists, a strut. [Du. dwang, force, constraint]. dwang
the lower edge of a roof. eave
having EAVES. eaved
a carved molding just below the abacus of a Doric capital; a sea-urchin. [L. from Gk. ekhinos, hedgehog]. Pl. ECHINUSES or ECHINI. echinus
a loophole in fortifications; a window-opening with slanted sides. embrasure embrazure
ashlar masonry filled up with rubble. emplecton emplectum
an ornament on a frieze or capital, consisting of festoons of fruit, flowers, leaves, etc. Pl. ENCARPUSES. encarpus
of a beam, fixed at the ends. encastre+
that part of a design in classical architecture which surmounts the columns and rests upon the capitals. entablature
a swelling on vertical columns to counteract an optical illusion of concavity. Pl. ENTASES. entasis
a low story between two higher ones, usually between the ground floor and the first story; a MEZZANINE. entresol
the shoulder of a bastion. epaule
a side work, made of gabions, fascines, or bags, filled with earth, or of earth heaped up, to afford cover from the flanking fire of an enemy. epaulement
a rear vestibule. Pl. EPINAOI. epinaos
an architrave. epistyle
a staircase. escalier
the fastening of a French window. espagnolette
a floor storey. etage
with columns spaced at about two diameters and a quarter. eustyle
the exterior curve of an arch; esp. the upper curved face of the whole body of VOUSSOIRS. Pl. EXTRADOSES. Cf. INTRADOS. extrados
a temporary framework used to support a building during construction. falsework
a half-circle window with crossbars arranged like ribs of fan. fanlight
the apex of a building; a gable-end; a pediment. Pl. FASTIGIUMS. fastigium
an outlet for smoke in a roof. [OF fumeraille, from L. fumus, smoke]. femerall
of or pertaining to windows. fenestral
synthetic fibres used as a filling material. fiberfill fibrefill
a wallboard of compressed asbestos and cement. Th pl. of FIBRO is FIBROS. fibro fibrocement
stone for building, taken from a field. fieldstone
a groove on a window frame. filister
a decoration on the top of a gable or spire; on furniture, a decorative turned knob. finial
having a FINIAL, a decoration on the top of a gable or spire. finialed
a metal plate formerly placed by insurance companies to mark an insured building. firemark
an open recess in a wall of a room, at the base of a chimney, etc., for a fire; a hearth. fireplace
strips of wood to provide a level surface or air space. firring furring
a large paving stone. flagstone
a sloping piece of cement, e.g. round the base of a chimney-pot. flaunching
a slender spire, usu. of wood and rising from a roof. fleche
a type of brick made near Fletton in Cambridgeshire, of a mottled yellow and pink colour. fletton
a fluosilicate applied as a solution to building stone to make it harder and more durable. fluate
a shaft, tube, or pipe, esp. as used in a chimney, to carry off smoke, gas, etc. flue
having a FLUE. flued
a pedestal or plinth. footstall+
an outside stair at the front of a house. forestair
shuttering to contain concrete. formwork
a fortress; a small outwork of a fortification. fortalice
a type of building stone that can be cut and sawn with little risk of fracturing. freestone
a decorated strip between ARCHITRAVE and CORNICE; a rough heavy woollen cloth; (verb) to put a frieze on. frieze frise
a pediment. fronton frontoon
see FIRRING. furring
an astragal moulding, a semicircular moulding round a column, etc. fusarol fusarole
to form a triangular section of a wall. gable
like a GABLE. gablelike+
a small gable, or gable-shaped canopy, formed over a tabernacle, niche, etc. gablet
an ornament produced by notching or carving a rounded molding; (verb) to ornament with gadroons. gadroon godroon
having a gallery. galleried
a long and narrow corridor, or place for walking; a connecting passageway, as between one room and another; (verb) to provide with a gallery. gallery
a small pebble; (verb) to fill in mortar joints with small pebbles. [Fr. galet, pebble]. gallet
a frame for supporting barrels in a cellar or elsewhere. gantry gauntree gauntry
fitted with gargoyles. gargoyled
a heavy clay used for bricks. gault
a summer-house. Pl. GAZEBOES or GAZEBOS. gazebo
a large beam, esp. one made of steel, used in the construction of bridges, buildings, etc. girder
a sunken channel or groove, usually vertical. glyph
see GADROON. godroon
in some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings. Aka NECKING. gorgerin
to make Gothic. gothicise gothicize
a step or raised shelf, as above a sideboard or altar. The pl. of GRADINO is GRADINI. gradin gradine gradino
a flight of steps. grece grecian greece grees greese greesiNG GRESE GRESSING GRICE GRIECE GRIS GRIZE
a fret pattern in architecture. grecque
having steps. grieced
a claw-shaped decoration at the base of a column. griff griffe
a framework of timber. grillage
a groin or an arrangement of groins; groined work. groining
the plot of ground on which a building stands. groundplot
the lowest timber of a structure. groundsel groundsell groundsill
a projecting turret for a sentry, as at the salient angles of works, or the acute angles of bastions. guerite
a ticket window or similar small opening. guichet
a finely graded cement concrete sprayed into position under air pressure. gunite
a small, drop-like ornament on a Doric entablature. Pl. GUTTAE or GUTTAS. gutta
a sunken fence. haha
a dais; a small landing on staircase. [OF. haut pas]. halfpace
the principal stone in a foundation; the chief or corner stone. headstone
the lower part of a door, an inner door, a grating. heck
a temple to a hero; a temple-shaped tomb. Pl. HEROONS. heroon
having six columns in front. hexastyle
sifted gravel as used in building. hoggin hogging
a moulding over a door or window. hoodmold+
the top or roof of a house. housetop
= HYPAETHRAL, roofless; open to the sky. hupaithric upaithric
roofless; open to the sky (usu. intentionally, so as to see the stars. hypaethral hypethral+
an open court. hypaethron
an ancient air chamber or series of chambers for heating rooms. hypocaust
the underground part of building. Pl. HYPOGAEA, HYPOGEA. hypogaeum hypogeum
the curve where a column merges in its base or capital. Also APOPHYGE. hypophyge+
having a roof supported by columns. hypostyle
in Roman buildings, one of a series of usu. curved tiles fitting over flat tiles. Pl. IMBRICES. imbrex
to pave. impave
in Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set in the atrium or peristyle to receive the water from the roof. Pl. IMPLUVIA. impluvium
a fire in a room; a fireplace. ingle
an alcove by a large open fire. ingleneuk inglenook
a short timber binding together upright posts. intertie
the undersurface of an arch or vault. Pl. INTRADOSES. intrados
masonry of uniform blocks in course of equal heights, the vertical joints placed in the middle of the blocks below. Pl. ISODOMONS, ISODOMA. isodomon isodomum
in the form of an ISODOMON, masonry of uniform blocks in course of equal heights. isodomous
a truncated gable with a lipped roof. jerkinhead
a beam supporting boards of a floor or laths of a ceiling; (verb) to fit with joists. joist
a Judas hole, a peep-hole in a door. judas
a pier, a projecting part of a wall; (verb) to stick out. jutty
the space in front of the fireplace of a kiln. killogie logie
a perpendicular beam in frame of roof. kingpost
see CLINKER. klinker
an architectural ornament in the form of a bud. [Ger. Knospe, bud]. knosp
a type of window. lancet
having lancet windows. lanceted
a ceiling consisting of panelled recessed compartments, with bands between the panels. N.B. this is already plural: no -S hook! laquearia
a corona or other course serving as a drip-stone. larmier
lathing. lathwork
a stick making up part of a ceiling. latilla+
an open framework of metal or wooden strips; (verb) to provide (as) with a lattice or lattice-work. lattice
to plaster with cow-dung. leep
in Gothic vaulting, any rib which does not spring from the impost and is not a ridge rib, but passes from one boss or intersection of the principal ribs to another. lierne
a horizontal timber of a scaffolding; a lower millstone. ligger
a horizontal beam supporting the load above a door. lintel lintol
having a LINTEL. lintelled
a narrow border or molding. listel
without a loft. loftless
resembling a loft. loftlike
a covered open arcade. Pl. LOGGIE or LOGGIAS. loggia
see KILLOGIE. logie
to cut loopholes in the walls of, provide with loopholes. loophole
a sloping slat placed across an opening. louver louvre
having LOUVERS. louvered
having LOUVRES. louvred
louvred. lovered
a window-pane. lozen
a dormer window. lucarne
a chimney. lum
a crescent-shaped space where a vault meets a wall. lunette
a dormer window. luthern
a low side window. lychnoscope
an opening between the corbels which support a projecting parapet, or in the floor of a gallery or the roof of a portal for shooting or dropping missiles upon assailants attacking the base of the walls. machicolation
a door giving independent access to a house, rather than opening on a common passage. maindoor
a hipped curb roof; that is, a roof having on all sides two slopes, the lower one being steeper than the upper one. [From Francois Mansart, a French architect]. mansard
having a MANSARD, a hipped curb roof. mansarded
the finish around a fireplace, covering the chimney-breast in front and sometimes on both sides; especially, a shelf above the fireplace, and its supports. mantel
the lintel of a fireplace when of wood, as frequently in early houses. manteltree
constructed of MASONRY. masonried
the craft of a mason; work that is built by a mason; stonework or brickwork. masonry
a narrow wall in a battlement between embrasures. merlon
a square space between triglyphs in a Doric frieze. Pl. METOPES or METOPAE. metope
an ENTRESOL; also, a small low window in an attic. mezzanine
an ornamental bracket under a Corinthian or other column. [Ital. modiglione, from L. modulus, from modus, a measure]. modillion
rubble in mason-work. moellon
a small flat bastion to protect a fortress under construction. moineau
a mullion. monial
of a roof, forming a single uniform slope. monopitch
round and without a cella; consisting of a single ring of columns supporting a roof; -- said esp. of a temple. monopteral
a building with single ring of columns supporting a roof. Pl. MONOPTERA. monopteros
consisting of a single shaft. monostylar monostyle
a narrow board nailed against the wall of a room next to the floor; aka skirting board. mopboard
(verb) to join or plaster with mortar. mortar
containing or resembling mortar. mortary
an artificial mound upon which a castle is built. motte
in N. Africa, an external balcony enclosed with latticework. moucharaby
the lowest sill of a structure, usually embedded in the soil. mudsill
an upright division between window panes; (verb) to divide a window with mullions. mullion munnion
having many panes. multipaned
of a building, having many stories. multistory
see MULLION. munnion
the vertical framing piece between door panels. muntin munting
relating to a MUTULE, a kind of square, flat bracket, in Doric architecture. mutular
a kind of square, flat bracket, in Doric architecture, above each triglyph and each metope, with guttae. [L. mutulus]. Cf. MODILLION. mutule
wavy moulding. nebule
a molding between a column and entablature. necking
a style of architecture popular in Britain in the 18th and 19th centuries. neogothic+
an upright column in middle of circular staircase; a post at the end of stairs. newel
having a NEWEL, an upright column in middle of circular staircase. newelled
masonry or brickwork between wooden frame. nogging
the projecting round edge of a stair, sill etc. nosing
having eight columns in the front. The Parthenon is octostyle, but most large Greek temples are HEXASTYLE. octastyle octostyle
any eye-like feature, especially a large circular window at the west end of a church. Pl. OCULI. oculus
an arch of two curves meeting at a point. ogee
of or like an OGIVE. ogival
a diagonal rib of a Gothic arch; a pointed arch. ogive
a portico or apartment at the back of an ancient Greek or Roman temple, a posticum. Pl. OPISTHODOMOI. opisthodomos
a projecting bay window supported with corbel or bracket. oriel
having an ORIEL, a projecting bay window supported with corbel or bracket. orielled
a projection in a building or a recess made in the wall of a room. outshot
to project. oversail
a moulding with the rounded part comprised of a quarter circle. Pl. OVOLI or OVOLOS. ovolo
to insert panes into. pane
a building, as a prison, hospital, library, or the like, so arranged that all parts of the interior are visible from a single point. panopticon
an overlapping, S-shaped roofing tile. pantile
roofed with PANTILES. pantiled
PANTILES collectively. pantiling
a bank built to provide protection from the enemy's observation and fire; esp. one on top of a wall or rampart, or in front of a trench. parapet
having a parapet. parapeted
to plaster. PARGET gives PARGETED or PARGETTED; PARGETING or PARGETTING. parge parget
a stone passing through a wall from face to face. parpane parpen parpend parpent parpoint PERPENT
a floor-covering of fitted wooden blocks; (verb) to cover a floor with parquet. parquet
covered with PARQUET, a floor-covering of fitted wooden blocks. parqueted
the art of making PARQUET, a floor-covering of fitted wooden blocks. parquetry
a triangular structure crowning front of a Greek building. pediment
the portion of a vault by means of which the square space in the middle of a building is brought to an octagon or circle to receive a cupola. pendentive
a penthouse; a sloping or overhanging roof. pent
having five columns in front; -- said of a temple or portico in classical architecture. pentastyle
a penthouse; (verb) to provide or cover with a penthouse. pentice pentise
a roof that slopes one way only. pentroof
an arbor formed of columns supporting trelliswork on which climbing plants are often trained. pergola
a precinct; an enclosing wall of a precinct. Pl. PERIBOLOI, PERIBOLI. peribolos peribolus
a gallery or balcony that ran round all four sides of a classical building. peridrome
a structure with a row of columns around all sides. peripter
a PERIPTERAL building; the turbulent air around a flying object. periptery
relating to a PERISTYLE, a range of columns around a building or courtyard. peristylar
a range of columns around a building or courtyard. peristyle
see PARPANE. perpent
a raised platform or terrace at an entrance door. perron
a square column partially embedded in a wall. pilaster
work or foundation made of piles. pilework
to provide with a pillar for support or ornamentation. pillar
a series of columns or piles, used to raise the base of a building above ground level. Pl. PILOTIS. pilotis
a slender spire; (verb) to equip with a pinnacle. pinnacle
a pinnacle. pinnet
a species of wall made of stiff earth or clay rammed in between molds which are carried up as the wall rises. The e has an accent. pise
a decorated ceiling. plafond
a plank, a board; (verb) to floor, board. planch planche
a mixture of lime, sand, and water, sometimes stiffened with hair or other fibres, that is applied to the surface of a wall or ceiling as a soft paste that hardens when dry; (verb) to cover with plaster. plaster
a thin rigid board, in the form of a layer of plaster compressed between two layers of fibreboard, used to form or cover walls. plasterboard
designating a kind of glass used for windows. plateglass
the rectangular base of a column or pedestal. plinth
relating to a PODIUM, a low wall, serving as a foundation, a substructure, or a terrace wall. podial
a low wall, serving as a foundation, a substructure, or a terrace wall. Pl. PODIA or PODIUMS. podium
having many columns. polystyle
a low structure projecting from the doorway of a house and forming a covered entrance. porch
an entrance, gateway, or doorway, esp. one that is large and impressive. portal
equipped with portals. portaled
a formal entrance to a classical temple, church, or other building, consisting of columns at regular intervals supporting a roof often in the form of a pediment. Pl. PORTICOS or PORTICOES. portico
having a PORTICO. porticoed
a back door; a door or gate distinct from the main entrance; a side way or entrance. postern
any court or vestibule before a building or leading into any inclosure. Pl. PROPYLAEA. propylaeum
the porch, vestibule, or entrance of an edifice. Pl. PROPYLA. propylon
in Greek architecture, a front portico without ANTAE, a building with such a portico and no other. prostyle
a public building in certain Greek cities; especially, a public hall in Athens regarded as the home of the community, in which official hospitality was extended to distinguished citizens and strangers. Pl. PRYTANEA. prytaneum
a supporting timber stretching across rafters. purlin purline
a cross-piece in a scaffolding. putlock putlog
a wall or ceiling painted with arches and columns in strong perspective. Pl. QUADRATURE (which is also a singular in its own right, meaning the act of squaring). quadratura
a small triangular ventilation window in a car. quarterlight
see COIGN. quoin
to build or provide with rafters. rafter
a rough hard stone. rag ragg ragstone
a groove in masonry; (verb) to make a raggle in. raggle
a kind of rubblework, esp. of thin and small stones. ragwork
a gutter, a downspout. rainspout
a projecting out-work in fortification, having two embankments forming salient angle. ravelin
a reinforcing bar used in concrete. rebar
parallel grooves cut into the edge of a coin at right angles to the faces. reeding
a flat, narrow moulding. reglet
in architecture, a fillet below a TRIPTYCH. Pl. REGULAE. regula
to pave again. repave
to face with masonry etc. Pp. REVETTING, pt. REVETTED. revet
a masonry etc. facing of an embankment or trench. revetment
a roof-gutter. rhone roan rone ronepipe+
a rib vaulting. ribwork
a flooring or framework on which a rick is made. rickstand
the timber forming the ridge of a roof, into which the rafters are secured. ridgepole ridgetree+
a groove in wood or stone; a slot. rigol
a protective foundation, embankment, etc. made of loose chunks of stones placed together; (verb) to construct a breakwater or other work with a foundation of loose stone. riprap
see RHONE. roan
stonework in which the surface is left broken and rough. rockwork
a style of architecture marked by much ornamentation esp. scrollwork. rococo
a small round tower erected at the foot of a bastion. rondel rondelle
see RHONE. rone
see RONE. ronepipe+
like a roof. rooflike
the outline of a roof. roofline
a view of roofs. roofscape
the top of a roof. rooftop
the beam in the angle of a roof; hence, the roof itself. rooftree
having roofs: ROOFIER, ROOFIEST. roofy
a rosette; a rose-window. rosace
a rounded, domed building or hall. rotunda
having semicircular arches. roundarch
the space between the bed and the wall. [Fr. ruelle, little street]. ruelle
a dressed stone at the side of a door, window etc. rybat
an unroofed space consecrated to a divinity. Pl. SACELLA. sacellum
a keystone; a versed sign of an arc. Pl. SAGITTAS. sagitta
of a brick or tile: imperfectly burnt. samel
thin boards for sheathing, as above the rafters, and under the shingles or slates, and for similar purposes. sarking
to work stone smoothly, without smoothing to a finish. scabble scapple
stone-like plasterwork for interior decoration, made of powdered marble made into a past, applied to a gesso ground and polished. scagliola
small stones used for drainage in excavation and as hardcore. N.B. there is no singular SCALPIN. scalpins
see SCABBLE. scapple
the inner part of a door jamb or window frame. scoinson sconcheon scontion scuncheon
a concave molding used especially in classical architecture. Pl. SCOTIAS. scotia
(noun) the material of a screed, as used to finish a floor. screeding
a ceiling. In OSPD SEELING is valid, but only as a participle of SEEL, hence SEELINGS is .
half a dome, especially as formed by a vertical section. semidome
having a half dome. semidomed
a half-moon-shaped object, body, or structure. Also DEMILUNE. semilune
a compartment of a vaulted ceiling. severy
a window, design etc. with six lobes or leaves. sexfoil
in design, architecture etc., the use of irregularity for deliberate, artful, contrastive effect. sharawadgi sharawaggi
the jamb, or cheek, of an opening in a wall, as of door or window. sidepiece
NAME?
either of two inset abutments sloped to support a segmental arch. skewback
a covered elevated bridge connecting two buildings. skybridge+
a window placed in a roof or ceiling to admit daylight. Aka FANLIGHT. skylight
an elevated walkway between two buildings. skywalk
a form that can be moved slowly as work progresses; (verb) to work using a slipform. slipform
a small piece of lead used to form a watertight joint with a chimney where it projects from a roof. soaker
a plain face or plinth at the foot of a wall, column etc. socle
the ornamented underside of a stair or archway. soffit
a large moulding along the base of a pedestal. Pl. SOLIDUMS. solidum
a joist or beam of secondary importance. solive
the triangular space between the curve of arch and the right angle enclosing it. spandrel spandril
a tall slender architectural structure tapering to a point. spire+
a slender spire, aka FLECHE. spirelet+
a flight of stairs, its supporting framework, and, usually, a handrail or banisters. staircase
having a STAIRCASE. staircased
a staircase or staircases collectively. staircasing
having, or arranged like, stairs. staired
the level place at the foot of the stairs. stairfoot
the level place at the top of the stairs. stairhead
a means of access consisting of stairs; staircase or flight of steps. stairway
a vertical shaft or opening that contains a staircase. stairwell
an upright beam, bar or support; (verb) to support by a STANCHEL: STANCHELLED. stanchel
an upright beam, bar or support; (verb) to support by a stanchion. stanchion
stair. stayre
a platform along the front, and sometimes the side, of a house. stoep
any work in stone. stonework
a floor or level of a building. storey
having STOREYS. storeyed
decorated with elaborate ornamental designs. N.B. there is no verb STORIATE. storiated
a brick placed lengthwise in masonry. stretcher
the flute of a column. Pl. STRIGAE. striga
a horizontal band or molding set in the front of a building. stringcourse
a kind of plaster for exteriors of buildings, especially highly ornamented. Pl. STUCCOES. (Verb) to coat with stucco: STUCCOS. stucco
the woodwork of a lath and plaster wall or partition; a piece of wood for this. studding
brickwork walls between studs; studded leather. studwork
a continuous pedestal supporting a row of columns. stylobate
somewhat arched; with two or more arches under a main arch. subarcuate
the lowest part of a base. subbase
an under-ceiling. subceiling
a rough floor underlying a finished floor. subfloor
a blind to keep out the sun. sunblind
a screened porch with sunny exposure. sunporch
a cornice, or series of moldings, on the top of the base of a pedestal, podium, etc. surbase
having a SURBASE, a cornice, or series of moldings, on the top of the base of a pedestal, podium, etc. surbased
to set edgewise, as a stone; that is, to set it in a position different from that which it had in the quarry. surbed
having an intercolumniation of two diameters; (noun) such an arrangement. systyle
of timber, treated with Tanalith, a proprietary preservative. tanalised tanalized
paper coated with tar, for covering roofs etc. tarpaper
to daub, plaster. teer
a tile. Pl. TEGULAE. tegula
a draped male figure used like a caryatid as a supporting column or pilaster, aka ATLAS. Pl. TELAMONES. telamon
a horizontal flat area of ground, often one of a series in a slope; a row of houses, usually identical and having common dividing walls, or the street onto which they face; (verb) to equip with a terrace. terrace
a flooring of marble chips set in mortar and then polished. Pl. TERRAZZOS. terrazzo
a building with four columns. tetrastyle
to thatch. thack theek
the substructure of a dome or cupola. tholobate
a round building, dome, cupola. Pl. THOLOI, THOLI. tholos tholus
a subordinate rib springing from the intersection of two other ribs. tierceron
the shaft of a column. [Fr. tige, stalk]. tige
work made of timbers. timberwork
the space between an arch and the lintel of a portal. Pl. TIMPANA or TIMPANUMS; TYMPANA or TYMPANUMS. timpanum tympanum
a stone that is placed on the top, or which forms the top. topstone
having the form of a TORUS, a rounded swelling. toric
a plate in a brick wall to support the end of a beam. torsel
a rounded swelling; the lowest moulding of a column. Pl. TORI. torus
built of horizontal beams rather than arches. trabeate
constructed of horizontal beams, as Greek architecture. trabeated
a construct of horizontal beams. trabeation
a rod-like structure running across a cavity and giving it internal support. Pl. TRABECULAE or TRABECULAS. trabecula
with TRACERY. traceried
a pattern of interlacing ribs, esp. as used in the upper part of a Gothic window, etc. tracery
a structure dividing a window horizontally. transom
having a TRANSOM, a structure dividing a window horizontally. transomed+
a crossbeam or space between crossbeams. trave
a trellis. treille
a structure of cross-barred or lattice-work; (verb) to fit with a trellis. trellis
having three apses.. triapsal triapsidal
a couch for reclining at meals, extending round three sides of a table, and usually in three parts. Pl. TRICLINIA. triclinium
relating to a TRIFORIUM. triforial+
a gallery or arcade over an aisle; a gallery over nave and choir. Pl. TRIFORIA. triforium
an architectural ornament of a tablet bearing two V-shaped channels. triglyph
a piece of wall or pillar between two openings. Pl. TRUMEAUX. trumeau
a small tower that projects from the wall of a building, esp. a medieval castle. turret
having turrets. turreted
like a turret. turrical
to remove the roof from. unroof
see HUPAITHRIC. upaithric
vaulted work; also, a vaulted place; an arched cellar. vaultage
a window. ventana
a roofed gallery, terrace, or open portico along the front or side of a building. veranda verandah viranda virando
having a VERANDA. verandaed
having a VERANDAH. verandahed
a ceiling beam. viga
an opening in a large building by which a crowd is let out. The pl. of VOMITORIUM is VOMITORIA. vomitorium vomitory
one of the wedge-shaped pieces forming an arch or vault; (verb) to construct with a voussoir. voussoir
to line with boards or panels; (noun) fine oak panelling. wainscot
(noun) oak panelling. wainscoting wainscotting
(something) reached by means of stairs. walkup
building board, board for lining walls. wallboard
a hole in a wall to allow water to escape from behind. weephole
the open space in a floor, to accommodate a staircase. wellhole
a window. windock winnock
a window. windore
(verb) to provide with windows. window
the glass in a window. windowpane
like a WINDOW. windowy+
a passage for air. windway
a type of flooring. woodblock
a long covered portico or court used by ancient Greek athletes for exercises. Pl. XYSTS, XYSTOI, XYSTI. xyst xystos xystus
a gate, door. yate yett
a plain face or plinth at the foot of a wall, column etc. Pl. ZOCCOS, ZOCCOLOS. Cf. SOCLE. zocco zoccolo
Created by: sc_from_or