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ch. 7 history exam

Articles of confederation first american constitution; created loose alliance of 13 independent states
money problems after the war After the Revolution, the united states owed millions of dollars to foreign nations so they made currency
northwest ordinance A law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory
shay's rebellion a revolt in Massachusetts led by farmers in reaction to high taxes
constitutional convention document that sets out the laws, principles, organization, and processes of a government
James Madison From Virginia wrote to constitution
Virginia Plan plan at the constitutional convention that called for a strong national government with three branches and a two-chamber legislature
New Jersey Plan Plan at the constitutional convention, favored by smaller states, that called for three branches of government with a single-chamber legislature
Roger Sherman From Connecticut worked out a compromise that satisfied both the large and small states
The Great Compromise Plan at the constitutional convention that settled the differences between large and small states
Constitution It is the highest law. All laws are based of these laws
Legislative Branch Branch of government that passes laws
executive branch branch of government that carries out laws
Judicial Branch Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly
Three- Fifths Compromise agreement at the constitutional convention that three- fifths of the slaves in any state be counted in its population
Slave Trade compromise Northerners wanted to ban slave trade but southerners thought that it would ruin economy so they would not ban the slave trade for at least 20 years
Republic system of government in which citizens choose representatives to govern them
Habeas Corpus The right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
Federalists supporter of the constitution who favored a strong federal government
Antifederalists People who opposed the constitution and a strong national government
Bill of Rights first 10 amendments to the united states constitution
Created by: megbrody1