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PE Vocab

Types of Exercise and Muscles

Smooth Muscle Internal orgnans, blood vessels. Don't move much. INVOLUNTARY/NON STRIATED
Cardiac Heart only (connected) electricity. INVOLUNTARY/STRIATED
Skeletal Muses Move bones/skeleton. VOLUNTARY/STRIATED
Superior towards head
Inferior away from head
Anterior front
Posterior back
Medial towards the middle
Lateral Away from the middle
Sternocleidomastoid neck, helps support head (and turn)
Trapezius upper shoulder, and back (triangle) Upright row
Pectoralis Major chest (bench press)
rectus abdominos abs
Quadriceps front of upper leg (rectos famoris (front/middle), vastus lateralis (left side on anterior view), vastus medialis, vastus intermedialis (smaller than med. and below)
Tibialis anterior shin
Deltoids shoulder
Biceps Brachii front of arm (in anatomical position)
Serratus Anterior "fingers" between ribs
Exterior oblique side abs
Sartorius "strip" from hip knee
Gracilis groin
gastronemius upper calf
soleus lower calf
Tricep Brachii back of arm in anatomical position
Latissimus Dorsi back (below trapezius)
Gluteus Maximus butt
Hamstrings back of upper leg (in anatomical position) [from left to right posterior, bicep femoris, semitendinosius, semimembranosus]
Cardiorespitory Endurance how efficient heart and lungs are carrying out moderate to vigorous activity (soccer runny swimming)
Muscular Strength the amount or force a muscle can exert
Flexibility the ability to move the body through a full range of motion
body composition body fat to lean body tissue
Aerobic w/ oxygen, speeds up breathing. use large muscle groups. rhythmic, maintained over long period of time (running, swimming, dancing)
Anaerobic Exercise w/o air. initially speed up heart rate, but your getting energy from muscles not oxygen (weight training, sprinting, baseball
Ismoetric an activity that uses muscle tension to improve muscular strength with little or no movement of the body part (planks) [improves muscular strength/endurance]
Muscular Endurance the ability to perform physical tasks over a period of time w/o becoming fatigued
Isotonic exercise an activity that combines muscle contraction with REPEATED movement (shake weight, bowflex, pushups, weight room, bench dips)
Isokinetic an activity in which a resistance is moved through an entire range of motion at a controlled rate of speed. These activities increase the flexibility of the joints, at the same time improving muscular strength and endurance.
overload working the body harder than it is normally worked. builds muscular strength and contributes to overall fitness
Progression the gradual increase in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness. as an activity becomes easier to do, increase the number of repetitions of sets to increase the amount of time spent doing the activity.
specificity particular exercise and activities improve particular areas of health-related fitness. for example, resistance training builds muscular strength and endurance, while aerobic activity improves cardiorespiratory endurance.
warm up activity that prepares the muscles for work. raise body temp, then stretch large muscles. slow activity for 5 minutes.
The workout the prat of exercise program where you perform the activity at its highest peak
F.I.T.T. frequency, intensity, time, type
the cool-down activity that prepares the muscles to a resting state (slowed activity, til 20-30 beats within regular heart rate
Created by: Molly Turner



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