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Fabrics

Natural

QuestionAnswer
What is the smallest part of a fabric? fiber
What 3 ways can yarns be made into fabrics? woven, knitted, pressed
What are the 2 classifications of fibers? natural, manufactured
What are the 2 types of natural fibers? cellulose, protein
Cellulosic fibers come from plants. Name 2 examples. cotton, linen
Protein fibers come from animals. Name 2 examples. wool, silk
What is the seed pod of the cotton plant called? boll
What machine is used to separate the seeds from the cotton? cotton gin
Combing produces a higher quality cotton fiber. Name the 2 types of higher quality cotton. Pima, Egyptian
Name 3 advantages of cotton fabric. inexpensive, absorbent & soft, launders well
Name 1 disadvantage of cotton fabric. shrinks
Linen comes from the stem of the flax plant. Why is it more expensive than cotton? linen requires more hand labor than cotton
Name 1 advantage of linen. strong, durable
Name 1 disadvantage of linen. ravels
Wool comes from the fleece of the sheep. When are sheep sheared? spring
Name 2 advantages of wool. stretch, insulating
Name 2 disadvantages of wool. absorbs odors, scratchy
Which type of wool has short fibers? woolen
Which type of wool has long fibers? worsted
Define virgin or pure wool. uses fibers that have never been used before
What is the science of sericulture? making of silk
What do silkworms eat to make silk? mulberry leaves
Silk is the only natural filament fabric. What is a filament? one long, continuous thread
What are the 2 types of silk? pure/virgin silk and raw/wild silk
Created by: bghicondey