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Fiber Smallest part of fabric. It's long, thin and hair-like.
Yarn Fibers spun into continuous strands
Yarns can be... woven, knitted, or pressed
Fibers can be... natural or manufactured
Types of natural fibers cellulosic and protein
Cellulosic Come from plants and include:cotton and linen as well as jute and straw
Protein come from animals and include wool and silk as well as mohair and cashmere
Pod cotton boll
cotton boll plucked off by mechanical stripper
Gin separates the seeds
Bales after the gin it is pressed into this
carding fibers receive their final cleaning and are separate into individual fibers
combing extra process that is done to create high quality fibers of exceptional smoothness and strength
Higher quality cotton prima and egytian
Advantages of cotton inexpensive, takes dye well, soft, and absorbent
disadvantages of cotton stains, wrinkles, shrinks
Linen Comes from the stem of the flax plant
Quality of linen is determined by... length and fineness of fibers
advantages of linen strong, cool, absorbent, and soft
disadvantages of linen wrinkles, ravels, creases
wool comes from animal protein fibers of a sheep or lamb
shearing is done once a year in the spring
advantages of wool water resistant, absorbent, warm, dyes well, and doesn't wrinkle
disadvantages of wool absorbs odors, shrinks, scratchy, harmed by bleach, and moths eat it
woolen have short fibers
worsted have long fibers
categories of wool virgin, pure, and 100% or recycled
Virgin or pure wool fibers that have never been used before
recycled wool wool fibers that come from previously used wool fabrics
Cashmere goat goat
Angora goat mohair
Worms eat mulberry leaves
raw silk rough, wild
culptavated good silk
sericulture science of silk
silk only fillament of fiber. long continuous fiber.
Created by: 605313