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Fabric - D.Smith

Natural

QuestionAnswer
1. What is the smallest part of a fabric? Fibers
2. What 3 ways can yarns be made into fabrics? Woven, Knitted, or Pressed
3. What are the 2 classifications of fibers? Natural or Manufactured
4. What are the 2 types of natural fibers? Cellulostic and Protein
5. Cellulosic fibers come from plants. Name 2 examples. Cotton and Linen
6. Protein fibers come from animals. Name 2 examples. Wool and Silk
7. What is the seed pod of the cotton plant called? Cotton Boll
8. What machine is used to separate the seeds from the cotton? Cotton Gin
9. Combing produces a higher quality cotton fiber. Name the 2 types of higher quality cotton. Pima and Egyptian
10. Name 3 advantages of cotton fabric. Inexpensive, Absorbant, Takes Dyes and Prints
11. Name 1 disadvantage of cotton fabric. Shrinks
12. Linen comes from the stem of the flax plant. Why is it more expensive than cotton? It requires more hand labor
13. Name 1 advantage of linen. Durable
14. Name 1 disadvantage of linen. Creases
15. Wool comes from the fleece of the sheep. When are sheep sheared? Once a year, in Spring
16. Name 2 advantages of wool. Warm and Comfortable
17. Name 2 disadvantages of wool. Shrinks in the dryer and can be destroyed by moths/beetles
18. Which type of wool has short fibers? Woolens
19. Which type of wool has long fibers? Worsted
20. Define virgin or pure wool. When the fibers of the wool have never been used before
21. What is the science of sericulture? The process of making silk
22. What do silkworms eat to make silk? Mulberry Leaves
23. Silk is the only natural filament fabric. What is a filament? A long continuous fiber
24. What are the two types of silk? Raw and Cultivated
Created by: D-Smith