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Fabric - J.Harris

Natural

QuestionAnswer
1. What is the smallest part of a fabric? A Fiber
2. What 3 ways can yarns be made into fabrics? woven, knitted or pressed into fabrics.
3. What are the 2 classifications of fibers? natural fibers or manufactured fibers
4. What are the 2 types of natural fibers? Cellulosic natural or protein natural fibers
5. Cellulosic fibers come from plants. Name 2 examples. Cotton and linen.
6. Protein fibers come from animals. Name 2 examples. wool and silk, cashmere
7. What is the seed pod of the cotton plant called? cotton bolls
8. What machine is used to separate the seeds from the cotton? a gin
9. Combing produces a higher quality cotton fiber. Name the 2 types of higher quality cotton. Pima and Egyptian
10. Name 3 advantages of cotton fabric. inexpensive, soft and absorent and durable
11. Name 1 disadvantage of cotton fabric. wrinkles easily and shrinks
12. Linen comes from the stem of the flax plant. Why is it more expensive than cotton? Linen production requires more hand labor
13. Name 1 advantage of linen Thinner and smoother
14. Name 1 disadvantage of linen. creases
15. Wool comes from the fleece of the sheep. When are sheep sheared? once a year in the spring months
16. Name 2 advantages of wool. endless varieties of: textures and finishes, colorations
17. Name 2 disadvantages of wool. harmed by: bleach, sunlight and dry heat, shrinks with hot water
18. Which type of wool has short fibers? woolen
19. Which type of wool has long fibers? worsted
20. Define virgin or pure wool. it uses fibers that have never been used before. previously made wool fabrics.
21. What is the science of sericulture? the making of silk
22. What do silkworms eat to make silk? marberry leaves
23. Silk is the only natural filament fabric. What is a filament? a long continous string.
24. What are the two types of silk? raw silk or china
Created by: Justice Harris