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Ankle Injuries

Histories for ankle injuries

Turf Toe (1st Metatarsophalangeal Joint Sprain) 1st MTP joint Hyperextension (mainly when ankle is DFLEXED) 1st MTP joint P!
Sesamoiditis Overuse or direct trauma to plantar aspect of 1st MTP. Abmornal foot posture Generalized p! around great toe Sudden snap or pop during running P! occurs w/ big toe hyperEXT during terminal stance and pre-swing
Hallux Valgus Deformity occurs over time
Hallux Rigidus P! w/ climbing stairs, going up hills, during pre-swing and wearing shoes
Plantar Fasciitis insidious onset of P1 that originates in plantar heel and prgresses distally. More p! w/ prolonged standing after non WB. p1 decreases w/ activity. Pts usually don't seek help until condition is chronic
Interdigital Neuroma P! originating from plantar foot and radiating into toes. p! migrates proximally, and decreased when pt is barefoot
Navicular Stress Fx and Accessory Navicular Insidious onset of p! located over dorsum or medial longitudinal arch p! radiate to 1st and 2nd ray or cubois. Increase p! w/ activity decrease w/ rest.
Metatarsal Fx Sudden change in distance, duration or type of exercise. P! over forfoot radiate into toes. Gradual progressive onset of symptoms related to activity. Actue fx: will have sudden onset of symptoms. Mild swelling.
Lateral Ankle Sprain Subtalar inversion, lantar flexion or DFLEX. P! on lateral side of ankle
Medial Ankle Sprain MOI: subtalar eversion/ talocrual rotation. P! around medial malleolus
Syndesmosis Sprain WB on leg w/ sudden External ROT. P! arises proximal to malleoli
Ankle Fx/Dislocation High force involving inversion and plantar FLEX. Exquisite pain
Peroneal Tendon Subluxation/Dislocation Sudden strong contraction of peroneals. P! is area of posterior malleolus. Snap or pop
Rerocalcaneal Buritis P! arising from POST Calcaneus
Achilles Tendinitis insidious onset of pain, repetitive stress to ankle and leg
Achilles Tendon Rupture Sudden ecentric achilles tendon loading. Pt may report the sensation of being shot, kicked or hit with racquet
Acute Compartment Syndrome A direct blow to lower leg. p! reported may be diproportinate to apparent injury severity
Chronic functional Compartment Syndrome Anterior lower leg P! increases w/ activity and decreases w/ rest. Muscule cramping, burning tightness Symptoms radiate onto ankle and dorsum of foot. Slop- Foot gait w/ significant anterior compartment involvement.
Tibial Stress Fx Increase in duration, frequency intensity of training. Change is surface & shoe wear
Fibular Fx Abduction or lateral rotation force
Traumatic Tibial Fx Significant force to Tibia
Created by: mmorgan14