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short story terms

Setting Where a story takes place; includes time of day, year in history, time of year.
Mood Atmosphere of the story; the mood of a story is created by the setting.
Theme Author's message or lesson. What you LEARN from the story.
Conflict Problem in a story.
Internal conflict When a character is forced to make a diffucult decision.
Person vs. self Same as internal conflict~ a character is forced to make a difficult decision.
External conflict Problem or conflict is created by an outside force.
Person vs. person Two people are in conflict arguing or fighting.
Person vs. fate A person who cannot control his/her destiny/future.
Person vs. society A person whose value and belief are different from society's values and beliefs; racism is an example of person vs. society.
Person vs. nature Conflict is created by a force of nature this includes weather, animals, and ocean.
Plot Sequence of events in a short story.
Exposition All background info is given to the reader. The characters are introduced and the setting is given.
Narrative hook Main conflict is introduced.
Rising action Event in a story that leads to the climax; most of the story will take place here.
Climax The most exciting part of a story; turning point; the protagonist must make a decision.
Falling Action Events leading to the conclusion of a short story.
Conclusion Resolution or end of a short story.
Narrator "Person" telling the story; the narrator is NOT the same as the author.
Tone Narrator's attitude about the short story. Attitude is created by the narrator.
Point of view How the story is told.
1st Person The narrator is part of the story. The narrator uses "I, Me, My, Our" in the story.
3rd limited The narrator tells the story through the eyes of 1 character. The 1 character is in every part of the story. The narrator limits what you see.
3rd Omniscient Omni~All; Scient~knowing~the narrator can tell you what everyone in the story thinks, Can tell you about the past, present, and feature.
Characters People or animals in a short story.
Major Most important character in the short story.
Protagonist The main character; the good guy.
Antagonist The character who creates problems for the protagonist; bad guy.
Minor Additional characters needed to tell the story.
Dynamic character A character whose values, beliefs, or thoughts change in a short story.
Static character A character whose values, beliefs, of thoughts DO NOT change in a short story.
Indirect characterization The reader learns about a character through his/her thoughts, words, and/ or actions.
Direct characterization The reader learns about a character through what other characters or the narrator TELLS the reader.
Symbol Something represents a thought, attitude, emotion, or something else.
Irony The difference between apprence and reality; when what is expected to happen doesn't.
Foreshadowing Hints about what will happen later in the story; forshadowing helps you predict what will happen.
Created by: Kimberly P.
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