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art critisism making discriminating judgements, both favorable and unfavorable
paleolithic period 2 million years ago, east-central africa
neolithic period new stone age, people evolved from nomed hunters/gathers t village famers/herders
hierarchic scale sizes of figures are determined by social rank
classical art rational simplicity, order, and restrained emotion
contrappasto pose that bears most weight on one leg
capitol decorative element at the tops of columns
hellenistic greek-like but more expressive and exaggerated
the colosseum a famous roman building created for entertaining the masses
the pantheon a famous roman temple built for the god
catacombs underground burial chambers often used for hiding religious art
constantine the first christian roman emporer who also moved the capital from rome to Byzantium
iconoclasts people who punished others who owned religious imagery
icon holy image that inspire devotion
middle ages time between the fall of the roman empire and the renaissance
animal style created by nomades; characterized by active, interwining shapes
renaissances "rebirth" referring to the rebirth of interest in the art and ideas of classical greece and rome
humanism shift in focus from spiritual to human
genre paintings images dignifying everyday life
baroque renaissance techniques used for drama
rococo style a light and playful version of baroque style
buddhist belief existence is full of suffering caused by desire
hinduism recognizes 3 gods- creator, sustainer, and destoyer
shinto religion with beliefs that gods dwell in nature
zen buddhismm belief that enlightenment is attained through meditation
the enlightenment late 18th century, a shitft toward rational and scientific thinking
neoclassicism movement to ground artwork in classic greek and roman influence
romanticism a shift in artwork to be emotionally expressive
painterly loose and open brushwork
academic art unimaginative art that follows formula created by academic
realism a style that depicts ordinary exsitance
impressionism an art movement focused on the general impression produced by a scene or object
post-impressionism art trends following and in reaction to impressionism
pointillism technique of painting in which small dots of color are applied in patterns to form an image
symbolism a means of communicating through symbols which carry ideas, feelings, and memory
fauvism visual ideas expanding on post-impressionism
expressionism art that emphasizes inner feelings and emotions
cubism objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstract form, showing multiple viewpoints
futureists showed speed of motion through abstraction
dada anti-war beliefs caused artists to reject art standards and create "anti-art"
readymade art from ordinary manufactured objects
surrealism art that focused on the unconscious mind, dreams, fantasy, and hallucinations
social realism art that refocused on social issues for the public
works progress administration (WPA) u.s program started during the great depression employed workers to carry out public work projects
constructivism russian movement that used art for special purpose
de stijl art movement using non representational geometric forms
abstract expressionism american post WWII movement focusing on emotionally intense works
action painting a style of painting in which paint is spontaneously dribbled, splashed or smeared onto the canvas, rather than being carefully applied
color field technique using large areas of color with central focus
pop art art with aspects of mass culture, such as advertising, comic books, and mundane cultural objects
minimal art art that refers to nothing but itself
Created by: apokraka1124