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short story terms

literary terms difinition

setting where a story takes place ; includes time of day, year in history, time of year
mood atmosphere of the story ; the mood of a story is created by the setting
theme authors message or lesson. What do you learn from the story?
conflict problem
internal conflict when a character is forced to make a difficult decision
person vs self forced to make a difficult decision
external conflict problem or conflict iss created by an outside force
person vs person two people are in conflict of arguing or fighting
person vs fate a person who cannot control his/her destiny/future
person vs society a person whos values and beliefs are different societys values and beliefs
person vs nature conflict is created by a force of nature. Includes weather, animals
plot sequence of events in a short story
exposition all background information is given to the reader. characters are introduced and setting is given
narrative hook main conflict is introduced
rising action events in a short story that lead to the climax ; most of the story will take place here
climax the most exciting part ; turning point ; protagonist must make a decision
conclusion resolution or end of a short story
narrator "person" telling the story ; the narrator is not the same author
tone narrators attitude about the story. attitude is created by the narrator
point of view how the story is told
1st person the narrator is part of the story. the narrator uses "I, me, my, our" in the story
3rd limited the narrator tells the story through the eyes of ONE character
3rd omniscient omni- all i scient- knowing- the narrator can tell you what everyone in the story thinks. can tell you about the past, present, and future
characters people or animals in a short story
major most important characters in a short story
protagonist the main character ; the good guy
antogonist the character who creates problems for the protagonist ; bad guy
minor additional characters needed to tell the story
dynamic character a character whos values, beleifs, or thoughts change in the short story
static character a character whos values, beliefs, or thoughts DO NOT change in a short story
indirect characterization the reader learns about a character through his/her thoughts, words and /or actions
direct characterization the reader learns about a character through what other characters or the narrator tells the reader
symbol something that represents a thought, attitude, emotion or something else
irony the difference between appearance and reality ; when what is expected to happen doesnt
foreshadowing hints about what will happen later in the story ; foreshadowing helps you predict what will happen
flat character a character with one main personality
round character a character with many personality traits
Created by: wilbergranados