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short story terms

QuestionAnswer
Setting Where a story takes place; includes time of day, year in history, time of year.
Mood Atmosphere of the story; the mood of a story is created by the setting.
Theme Author's message or lesson, what do you learn from the story?
Conflict Problem in a story.
Internal Conflict When a character is forced to make a difficult decision.
Person Vs. Self Same as an internal conflict.
External Conflict Problem or conflict is created by an outside force.
Man Vs. Man Person Vs. Person two people are in conflict arguing or fighting.
Man Vs. Fate A person who cannot control his/her destiny/future.
Man Vs. Society A person whose values and beliefs are different from society's values and beliefs.
Man Vs. Nature Conflict is created by a force of nature. This includes weather, animals, ocean.
Plot Sequence of events in a short story.
Exposition All background information is given to the reader, the characters are introduced and the setting is given.
Narrative Hook Main conflict is introduced.
Rising Action Events in a story that lead to the climax; most of the story will take place here.
Climax The most exciting part of a story: turning point the protagonist must make a decision.
Falling Action Events leading to the conclusion of a short story.
Conclusion Resolution or end of a short story.
Narrator Person Telling the story, the narrator is not the same as author.
Tone Narrator's attitude about the short story. Attitude is created by the narrator.
Point Of View How the story is told.
1st Person The narrator is part of the story the narrator uses "I me my our" in the story.
3rd Limited The narrator tells the story through the eyes of one character. The one character is in every part of the story. The narrator limits what the reader sees.
3rd Omniscent Omni=All Scient=Knowing the narrator can tell you what everyone is the story thinks can tell you about the past, present, and future.
Characters People or animals in the short story.
Major Most important characters in a short story.
Protagonist The main character or the good guy.
Antagonist The character who creates problems for the protagonist or the bad guy.
Minor Additional characters needed to tell the story.
Point Of View How the story is told.
1st Person The narrator is part of the story the narrator uses "I me my our" in the story.
3rd Limited The narrator tells the story through the eyes of one character. The one character is in every part of the story. The narrator limits what the reader sees.
Point Of View How the story is told.
Symbol something represents a thought, attitude emotion or someting else.
Characters People or animals in the short story.
Major Most important characters in a short story.
1st Person The narrator is part of the story the narrator uses "I me my our" in the story.
3rd Limited The narrator tells the story through the eyes of one character. The one character is in every part of the story. The narrator limits what the reader sees.
3rd Omniscent Omni=All Scient=Knowing the narrator can tell you what everyone is the story thinks can tell you about the past, present, and future.
Characters People or animals in the short story.
Major Most important characters in a short story.
Protagonist The main character or the good guy.
Antagonist The character who creates problems for the protagonist or the bad guy.
Minor Additional characters needed to tell the story.
Dynamic Character A character whose values or beliefs change in a short story.
Static Character A character whose values or beliefs dont change in a short story.
Indirect characterization the reader learns about a character through his/her thoughts, words, and/or actions.
Direct Characterization The reader learns about a character through what other characters or the narrator tells the reader.
Symbol something represents a thought, attitude emotion or some thing else.
Irony The difference between appearance and reality when what is expected to happen doesn't
Foreshadowing hints about what will happen later in the story foreshadowing helps you predict what will happen next.
Flat Character A character with one main personality trait.
Round Character A character with many personality traits.
Created by: Giovani Silverio
 

 



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