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short story terms

literary terms

setting where a story takes place, includes time of day, year in history, time of year.
mood atmosphere of the story, the mood of a story is created by the setting.
theme author's message or lesson what to do LEARN from the story?
conflict problem in the story
internal conflict when a character is forced to make difficult decision.
person vs. self same as internal conflict a character is forced to make difficult decision.
external conflict problem or conflict is created by an outside forced.
person vs. person two people are in conflict arguing or fighting.
person vs. fate a person who cannot control his/her destiny/future.
person vs. society one person whose values and belief are different from society's, racism is an example of person vs. society.
person vs. nature conflict is create by a force of nature this includes weather, animal, ocean.
plot sequence of events in a short story.
exposition all background information is given to the reader the character are introduced and the setting is given.
narrative hook main conflict is given.
rising action events in a short story that lead to the climax most the story will take place here.
falling action events leading to the conclusion of a short story.
conclusion resolution or end of a short story.
narrator "person" telling the story, the narrator is not the same the author.
tone narrator attitude about the short story. attitude is created by the narrator.
point of view how the story is told
1st person the narrator is part of the short story, the narrator uses "I, ME, MY, YOUR" in the story.
3rd limited the narrator tells the story through the eyes or ONE character is in every part of the short story.
3rd omniscient Omniscient omni-All scient-knowing the narrator can tell you what every on is the story thinks. can tell you about the past, present and future.
character people or animal, in a short story.
major most important character in a short story.
protagonist the main character, the good guy.
antagonist the character who creates problems for the protagonist, bad guy.
minor additional character needed to tell the story.
dynamic character a character whose values beliefs, or thoughts change in a short story.
static character a character whose values, beliefs, or thoughts DO NOT change in a short story.
indirect characterization the reader learns about a character through his/her thoughts, words, and/or actions.
direct characterization the reader learns about a character through what other character or the narrator TELLS the readers.
symbol something represent a thought, attitude, emotion or something else.
irony the difference between appearance and reality, when what is expect to happen doesn't.
foreshadowing hints about what happen later in a short story, foreshadowing helps you predict what will happen.
flat character a character with one main personality trait.
round character a character with many personality traits.
Created by: emiliomedina



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