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# PBHS Mathematicians

Question | Answer |
---|---|

Both independently invented calculus | Newton and Leibniz |

Accurately estimated pi | Archimedes |

Invented binary numbers | Leibniz |

Prince of Mathematicians | Gauss |

modern notation for e, sq.root of -1(i), trig.functions | Euler |

Boolean algebra; symbolic logic | Leibniz |

Method to manipulate "powers" to find roots | Newton |

Number theory | Fermat |

Wrote the "Elements" | Euclid |

Wrote "On Floating Bodies" | Archimedes |

Volume of a sphere | Archimedes |

Founded Probability Theory | Fermat and Pascal |

Cartesian geometry and Cartesian plane | Rene' Descartes |

"Discourse on Method" | Descartes |

Proof of Fermat's Last Theorem | Andrew Wiles |

The Father of Geometry | Euclid |

f(x) for a function; e for base of natural log; the symbol for pi for ratios of circum to diam., i to denote sq.rt of -1 | Euler (Swiss) |

invented graph theory through Seven Bridges of Konigsberg problem | Euler |

5 Postulates that define "normal" (Euclidean) space | Euclid |

5th Postulate "parallel postulate" that space can be broken into spherical and hyperbolic geometries | Eucld |

Proved infinitude of prime numbers | Euclid |

He called Leibniz' differential aspect "the method of fluxions" | Newton |

His Disquisitiones Arithmeticae stated fundamental theorem of arithmetic | Gauss |

Because his primary teacher made him add the first 100 positive integers, he developed the formula for summation of an arithmetic series | Gauss |

Created by:
gkarlish