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PBHS Mathematicians

QuestionAnswer
Both independently invented calculus Newton and Leibniz
Accurately estimated pi Archimedes
Invented binary numbers Leibniz
Prince of Mathematicians Gauss
modern notation for e, sq.root of -1(i), trig.functions Euler
Boolean algebra; symbolic logic Leibniz
Method to manipulate "powers" to find roots Newton
Number theory Fermat
Wrote the "Elements" Euclid
Wrote "On Floating Bodies" Archimedes
Volume of a sphere Archimedes
Founded Probability Theory Fermat and Pascal
Cartesian geometry and Cartesian plane Rene' Descartes
"Discourse on Method" Descartes
Proof of Fermat's Last Theorem Andrew Wiles
The Father of Geometry Euclid
f(x) for a function; e for base of natural log; the symbol for pi for ratios of circum to diam., i to denote sq.rt of -1 Euler (Swiss)
invented graph theory through Seven Bridges of Konigsberg problem Euler
5 Postulates that define "normal" (Euclidean) space Euclid
5th Postulate "parallel postulate" that space can be broken into spherical and hyperbolic geometries Eucld
Proved infinitude of prime numbers Euclid
He called Leibniz' differential aspect "the method of fluxions" Newton
His Disquisitiones Arithmeticae stated fundamental theorem of arithmetic Gauss
Because his primary teacher made him add the first 100 positive integers, he developed the formula for summation of an arithmetic series Gauss
Created by: gkarlish