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Short Story Terms 1

Literary Terms Definitions

Setting Where the story take place.
Mood Atmosphere,Determined by the setting
Theme Lesson or Message of the story, Controlling idea , or Central insight
Conflict Problem
*Internal Conflict Struggle within one self
-Person v.s self Character must make a difficult decision
*External Conflict Struggle an outside force
-Man v.s Man Conflict between two people or groups
-Man v.s Fate Person with a problem w/one self's fate
-Man v.s Society One Person is in a conflict with a group
-Man v.s Nature Struggle against any force of nature
Plot Sequence of events
*Exposition All background info is giving
*Narrative Hook The conflict is revealed
*Rising Action All events leading to climax
*Climax Most exciting part/ Turning point
*Falling Action All events leading to ending
*Conclusion The end
Narrator The person telling the story
*Tone Narrator/author attitude toward the story.
*Point Of View How the story is told.
1st Person Uses " I,me,our,my,use"...
3rd Person Narrator is not part of the story." he,she".. One character
3rd Omniscient Many characters "he,she,they,them"...
Characters People or Animals in a story...
*Major Most important.
Protagonist "Good Guy" Who the story is mainly about.
Antagonist "Bad Guy"
*Minor Unsupported Non extra characters
Dynamic Whose thoughts attitudes change
Static Character Whose thoughts never change
Flat One personalty trait
Round Many personalty trait
*Indirect Characterization Personality of character is revealed thoughts, commands and actions
Direct Characterization Narrator tells the personality
Symbol Something that stands for something
Irony Difference between appearance and reality
Foreshadowing Hints to what will happen later on
Suspense Quality of a story that keep you interested