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Short Story Terms

literary terms definitions

Setting Where the story takes place.
Mood Atmosphere, determined by the setting.
Theme Lesson or message of the story, controlling idea, or central insight.
Conflict A problem in the story.
*Internal conflict A struggle with one self.
-person vs. person A Character must make a difficult decision.
*External conflict A struggle with an outside force.
-man vs. man A problem between two people or groups.
-man vs. fate A person with a problem with one selfs fate.
-man vs. society 1 person is in a conflict with a group.
-man vs. nature Struggling against any force of nature.
Plot Sequence of events
*Exposition All background info is given.
*Narrative hook The conflict is revealed.
*Rising action All events leading to the climax.
*Climax Most exciting part of the story/ the turning point.
*Falling action All events leading to the ending of the story.
*Conclusion Ending of the story.
Narrator The person telling the story.
*Tone Narrators/ authors attitude toward the story.
*Point of view How the story is told.
-1st person The narrator uses "I, me,our, my,us..."
-3rd person limited The narrator is not part of the story, " he, she..." One character.
-3rd person omnicient Many characters. " he, she, they,them..."
Characters People or animals in the story
*Major The most important characters in the story.
-Protagonist "good guy" who the story is mainly about.
-Antagonist "bad guy"
*Minor Unsupporting extra characters
*Dynamic character Whose thoughts/ attitudes change
*Static characters Whose thoughts do not change
*Flat characters One personality trait
*Round characters Many personality traits
*Indirect characterization Personality of the characters revealed through thoughts, comments, and actions
*Direct characterization Narrator tells the personality.
Symbol something that stands for something else.
Irony The difference between appearance and reality.
Foreshadowing Hints to what will happen in the future.
Suspense The quality of a story that keeps you interested.
Created by: cameronbrown96