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short story terms

literary terms definitions

setting where a story takes place
mood atmosphere of the story usually determinded by the setting
theme lesson or message of the story. Is the controlling idea or central insight.
conflict a problem
internal conflict a struggle within one's self
person vs. person a character must take a difficult decision
external conflict a struggle with an outside force
man vs. man a problem between two people or two groups
man vs. fate a person who has problems facing his/hers destiny
man vs. society one person in conflict with a group
man vs. nature a person in conflict with or stuggling againt any force of nature
plot sequence of events
explosition all background info is givin ~ setting and main character are introduced
narrative hook the problem/main conflict is revealed
rising action all of the events leading to the climax
climax most exciting part of the story ; the turning point.
falling action all of theevents leading to the conclusion
conclusion the end
narrator the "person" telling the story
tone narrator/ author attitude toward the story
point of view how the story is told
1st person the narrator is apart of the story and uses words "I,me,my,out,us"
3rd person the narrator is not part of the story and tells the story with "he,she,they,them
3rd omniscient the narrator isnt part of the story and tells the story through many charcters, uses "he,she,they,them.
characters people or animals in ah short story
major main/most important characters
protagonist the character the story id mostly about the "good guy "
antagonist the charater who causes the problem the " bad guy"
minor the supporting or extra charaters
dynamic character whose thoughts,attitude,beleifs change in the story
static charater whose thoughts,attitude,beleifs do not change in the story
flat charater who has only one limited personality trait.
round character who has many personality traits
indirect characterization the personality of a character is revealed through the characters thoughts,comments, and actions.
direct charactization the narrator or other characters in the story TELL the reader about the personality of the character.
symbols something that stands for or represents something else
irony the difference between appearance and reality
forshadowing hints about what will happen later in the story .
suspense the quality is a story that keeps you interested.
Created by: taheishabethea



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