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APD - Chapter 14

Anatomy, Physiology, and Disease: Chapter 14

QuestionAnswer
when the immune system attacks some part of the body; the body fails to recognize self and destroys it's own tissue as if it were the invader. autoimmune
an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks connective tissue in general lupus
a systemic (spreading throughout the entire body)hypersensitivity reaction, usually an immediate allergic response which causes dangerous inflammation (smooth muscle contraction & dilation of capillaries due to various chemical releases by the body). anaphylaxis
Often call the "bubble boy disease", is a primary immune deficiency. Usually characterized by a sever defect in both the T- & B- lymphocyte systems resulting in the onset of 1 or more serious infections within the 1st few months of life. SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency)
Neoplasm of lymphatic cells of the immune system causing uncontrolled proliferation of 30 different lymphocytes. lymphoma
refers to undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system. Generally requiring a pre-sensitized (immune) state of the host. hypersensitivity (reaction)
An inflammation of the tonsil or tonsils; can require a surgery to remove tonsils tonsillitis
aka '' is an immune deficiency disorder caused by infection with the HIV virus. AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
aka '' causes AIDS by directly killing helper T cells, by destroying lymph nodes through their chronic infection, and by decreasing the amount of immune-enhancing chemicals of the body. HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of white blood cells. leukemia
A chronic systemic autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the synovial membrane of a patient's joints. rheumatoid arthritis
Created by: crazedsmyle