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NOS220 Review (Ch10)

Linux Study Guide - Common Administrative Tasks

QuestionAnswer
/etc/cups/cupsd.conf A file that holds daemon configuration for the cups daemon.
/etc/cups/printers.conf A file that holds printer configuration for the cups daemon.
/etc/default/useradd A file that contains default values for user creation.
/etc/group The file that contains group definitions and memberships.
/etc/login.defs A file that contains default values for user creation.
/etc/logrotate.conf The file used by the logrotate utility to specify rotation parameters for log files.
/etc/passwd The file that contains user account information.
/etc/shadow The file that contains the encrypted password as well as password and account expiry parameters for each user account.
/etc/skel A directory that contains files that are copied to all new users’ home directories upon creation.
/etc/syslog.conf The file that specifies the events for which the System Log Daemon listens and the log files to which it saves the events.
/var/log A directory that contains most log files on a Linux system.
accepting printer A printer that accepts print jobs into the print queue.
Authentication The act of verifying a user’s identity by comparing a user name and password with a system database (/etc/passwd and /etc/shadow).
cancel command The command used to remove print jobs from the print queue in the CUPS print system.
chage command The command used to modify password expiry information for user accounts.
chfn command The command used to change the GECOS for a user.
chsh command The command used to change a valid shell to an invalid shell.
Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) The printing system commonly used on Linux computers.
cups daemon (cupsd) The daemon responsible for printing in the CUPS printing system.
cupsaccept command The command used to allow a printer to accept jobs into the print queue.
cupsdisable command The command used to prevent print jobs from leaving the print queue.
cupsenable command The command used to allow print jobs to leave the print queue.
cupsreject command The command used to force a printer to reject jobs from entering the print queue.
disabled printer A printer that does not send print jobs from the print queue to a printer.
enabled printer A printer that sends print jobs from the print queue to a printer.
Facility The area of the system from which information is gathered when logging system events.
General Electric Comprehensive Operating System (GECOS) The field in the /etc/passwd file that contains a description of the user account.
Group Identifier (GID) A unique number given to each group.
groupadd command The command used to add a group to the system.
groupdel command The command used to delete a group from the system.
groupmod command The command used to modify the name or GID of a group on the system.
groups command The command that lists group membership for a user.
id command The command that lists UIDs for a user and the GIDs for the groups that the same user belongs to.
Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) A printing protocol that can be used to send print jobs across a TCP/IP network, such as the Internet, using HTTP or HTTPS.
Line Printer Daemon (LPD) A printing system typically used on legacy Linux computers.
lock an account To make an account temporarily unusable by altering the password information for it stored on the system.
log file A file containing information about the Linux system.
Created by: Sumbunny