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My 14

The Special Senses

QuestionAnswer
Ambiopia Double vision caused by each eye focusing separately; aka DIPLOPIA.
Blepharoptosis Drooping of the upper eyelid.
Blepharospasm Twitching of the eyelid muscles; may be due to eyestrain or nervous irritability.
CONJUNCTIVITIS Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye; may be caused by a bacterial infection,a viral infection'allergy'or a response to the enviroment.
Cycloplegia Paralysis of the ciliary muscle of the eye.
Dacryoadenitis Inflammation of the lacrimal gland.
Dacryorrhea Excessive flow of tears.
Diplopia Double vision caused by each eye focusing separately.
Ectropion Eversion of the edge of the eyelid.
Entropion Inversion of the edge of the eyelid.
Episcleritis Inflammation of the outermost layers of the sclera
Estropia Obvious inward turning of one eye in relation to the other eye; also called CROSSEYES.
Extraocular Pertaning to the outside of the eye.
Floaters One or more spots that appear to drift,or "float" across the visual field.
Hemianopia Loss of vision,or blindnes, in one-half of the visual field.
Keratomycosis Fungal growth present on the cornea.
Lacrimation Secretion of tears from the lacrimal glands.
Miotic Agent that causes the pupil of the eye to constirct.
Mydriasis Abnormal dilation of the pupil of the eye.
Mydriatic Agent that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate.
Nasolacrimal Pertaining to the nose and the lacrimal ducts.
Nystagmus Involuntary,rythmic jerking movements of the eye. "Quivering" mivements may be from side to side,up and down,or a combination of both.
OPHTHALMOLOGIST Medical doctor who specializes in the comprhensive care of the eyes and visual system in the prevention and treatment of eye disease and injury.
Ophthalmology Branch of medicine that specializes in the study of the diseases and disorders of the eye.
Optometrist Doctor of optometry is responsible for the examination of the eye,and associated structures to determine vision problems. Can prescribe lens and optical aids.
Photophobia Abnormal sensitivty to loght, especially by the eyes.
PRESBYOPIA Loss of accommodation for near vision; poor near-vision due to the natural aging process.
RETINOPATHY Any disease of the retina.
Astigmatism Refractive error causing light rays entering the eye to be focused irregularly on the retina due to an abnormally shaped cornea or lens.
Blepharitis Inflammation of the eyelid margins stemming from seborrheic,allergic,or bacterial orgin.
Blepharoptosis Occurs when the eyelid partially oe entirely covers the eye as a result of a weakened muscle.
Color Blindness Inability to sharply perceive visual colors.
Cataract Lens in the eye becomes progressively cloudy,losing its normal transparency and thus altering the perception of images due to the interference of light transmission to the retina.
Chalazion Cyst or nodule on the eyelid resulting from an obstruction of a meibomian gland,which is responsible for lubricating the margin of the eyelid.
Conjunctivitis,acute Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the eyelids and covering the front part of the eyeball.
Croneal Abrasion Disrution of the cornea's surface epithelium commonly caused by an eyelash,a small foreign body, contact lens,or a scratch from a fingernail.
MEDULLA Internal part of a structure or organ.
Diabetic Retinopathy Consequence of long-term or poorly controlled diabetes mellitus in which the tissues of the retina experience scarring due to abnormal dilation,hemorrhages,microaneurysm, and abnormal formation of new vessels causing leakage of blood.
Exophthalmia Abnormal protusion of the eyeball,usually with the sclera noticeable over the iris- typically due to an expanded volume of the orbital contents.
Glaucoma Ocular disorders identified as a group due to the increase in intraocular pressure.
Hemianopia Loss of vision,or blindness in one-half of the visual field.
Hordeolum Bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle or sebaceous gland orginating with redness,swelling,and mild tenderness in the margin of the eyelash.
Hyperopia Refractive error in which the lens of the eye cannot focus on an image accurately,resulting in impaired CLOSE vision that is blurred due to the light rays being focused in front of retina because the eyeball is SHORTER than normal.
Keratitis Corneal inflammation caused by a microorganism,trauma to the eye,a break in the sensory innervation of the cornea,a hypersensitivity reaction,or a teraing defect .
Myopia Refractive error in which the lens of the eye cannot focus on an image accurately,resulting in impaired DISTANT vision that is blurred due to the light rays being focused in front of the retina because the eyeball is LONGER than normal.
Pterygium Irregular growth developing as a fold in on the nasal side of the cornea,that can disrupt vision if it extends over the pupil.
Scleritis Presence of inflammation in the white,outside covering of the eyeball
Strabismus Faliure of the eyes to gaze in the same direction due to weakness in the muscles controlling the position of one eye. Most common type of strabismus is nonparalytic,an inherited defect in which the eye postion of the two eyes has no relationship.
Keratoplasty Transplantation of corneal tissue from one human eye to another to improve vision in the affected eye; aka CORNEAL GRAFTING.
OPHTHALMOSCOPE Instrument used for the examination of the external and internal structures of the eye.
Tonometry Process of determining the intraocular pressure by calculating the resistance of the eyeball to an applied force causing indentation.
Audiologist Health professional who specializes in the study of hearing,detects and diagnoses hearing loss,and works to rehabilitate individuals with hearing loss.
Audiology Field of research devoted to the study of hearing and impaired hearing.
ACOUSTIC Pertaining to sound or hearing.
AUDIOGRAM Recording of the faintest sounds an individual is able to hear.
Aural Pertaining to the ear.
LABYRINTHITIS Inflammation of the inner ear.
MASTOIDITIS Inflammation of the mastoid process of the temporal bone;ususally an extension of a middle ear infection.
MYRINGOPLASTY Surgical repair of the eardrum with a tissue graft. This procedure is performed to relieve pressure or release fluid from the middle ear.
Myringotomy Surgical incision into the eardrum. This procedure is performed to releive pressure or release fluid from the middle ear.
Otalgia Pain in the ear; earache.
OTITIS MEDIA Inflammation of the middle ear.
Otomycosis Fungal infection of the external auditory meatus of the ear.
Otorrhea Drainage from the ear; usually associated with inflammation of the ear.
PRESBYCUSIS Loss of hearing due to the natural aging process.
Purulent Containing pus.
Serous Pertaining to producing serum.
TINNITUS Ringing or tinkling noise in the ears; may be a sign of injury to the ear,some disease process, or toxic levels of some medications from prolonged use, such as aspirin.
Vertigo Sensation of spinning around or of having things in the room or area spinning around the person;a result of disturbance of the equilibrium.
Deafness,conductive HEaring losss caused by the breakdown of the transmission of sound waves through the middle and/or external ear.
Meniere's Disease Chronis inner ear disease in which there is an overaccumulation of endolymph (fluid in the labyrinth)characterized by recurrijng episodes of vertigo,hearing loss,feeling of pressure or fullness in the affected ear,and tinnitis.
OTITIS EXTERNA (SWIMMER'S EAR) Inflammation of the outer or external ear canal.
OTITIS MEDIA,ACUTE Middle ear infection,which predominately affects infants,toddlers,and preschoolers.
Serous Otitis Media Collection of clear fluid in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be due to an obstruction of the eustachian tube.
OTOSCLEROSIS Condition in which the footplate of the stapes becomes immobile and secured to the oval window,resulting in a hearing loss.
AUDIOMETRY Process of measuring how well an individual hears various frequencies of sound waves.
OTOSCOPY Used to view and examine the tympanic membrane and various parts of the outer ear.
OTOPLASTY Removal of a portion of ear cartilage to bring pinna and auricle nearer to the head.
Deafness,Sensorineural Hearing loss caused by the inability of nerve stimuli to be delivered to the brain from the inner ear due to damage to the auditory nrve or the cochlea or to lesions of the 8th cranial nerve (auditory).
Created by: Jayson R. Hoss