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Kinesiolgy for HS

high school flashcards

Kinesiology the multidisciplinary study of physical activity or movement
joint articulation the connecting point of two bones
arthrology the study of joints
synarthroses immovable joints that lack a synovial cavity and are held together by fibrous connective tissue
sutures joints where a thin layer of dense fibrous connective tissue unites the bones of the skull
syndesmoses slightly movablt joints where bones are connected by ligaments
gomphosis an immovable joint in which a conical process fits into a socket held in place by ligaments
amphiarthroses slightly movable joints connected by fibrocartilage
fibrocartilage specialized connective tissue with thick collagen fibers
diathroses freely movable joints
articular cartilage connective tissue covering the ends of long bones
synovial membrane a double layer of connective tissue that lines joint cavities and produces synovial fluid
synovial fluid a lubricating substance found in joint cavities
synovial joint freely movable joint
pivot joint a freely movable joint in which a bone moves around a central axis, creating rotational movement
gliding joint a freely movable joint that allows bones to make a sliding motion
hinge joint a freely movable joints that allows flexion and extension
concave a half-circle indention to a surface
convex a half-circle shaped protrusion on a surface
condyloid joints freely movable joints that allow bones to move about one another in many different directions but not to rotate
ball-and-socket joint freely movable joints in which a rounded end of one bone fits into an indented end of another bone; allows for widest range of motion
saddle joint a freely movable joint between two bones with complementary shapes
flexion movementthat decreases the angle between two bones
extension movement that increases the angle between two bones
hyperextension movement beyond the natural range of motion
abduction movement of the limbs away from the midline of the body
adduction movement of the limbs toward the midline of the body
rotation movement of a bone on an axis, toward or away from the body
bursitis an innflammtion of synovial cavity from exsessive stress or tension
arthritis an inflammation of an entire joint
rheumatic fever a bacterial infection that can be carried in the blood to the joints
rheumatoid arthritis a connective tissue disorder resulting in severe inflammtion of small joints
primary fibrositis an inflammtion of the fibrous connective tissue in a joint
osteoarthritis a degenerative joint disease
gout an accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint at the base of th elarge toe and other joints of the feet
closed kinematic chain body part farthest from the trunk is fixed
open kinematic chain body part farthest from the trunk is free
Created by: babigirl789hg