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test 2

What are vowels? The nucleus of the syllable;convey subtleties of meaning ('oh'); can be located on the horizontal axis of the oral cavity and the vertical axis of the oral cavity
What are the two classifications of vowel positions? Advancement and Height
Advancement category dividend into front,central, and back
Front vowels vowels produced near the front of the mouth
Central vowels vowels produced in a neutral position of the mouth (or central)
Back Vowels vowels produced toward the back of the mouth
Height Category divided into high, mid, and low
High vowel the tongue is in the highest position
Mid Vowel tongue is at mid position
Low Vowel Tongue is at low position
How many combinations of positions can you have? 9; front high,front middle,front low,central high,central low central middle, back high, back middle, back low
The 8 basic English vowels /i,e,æ,ə,ʌ,a,o,u/
Descriptions of vowels tense or lax; retro flex or bunched; round or unrounds
Why are vowels difficult to transcribe? vowels can be non discrete compared to the discrete nature of consonants
/ŋ/ stands for the sound often spelled ng; stands for sounds spelled /n/ when it occurs before /g,k/
Intervocalic /t/ some speakers of American English produce words that are spelled with t or tt often pronounce those sounds as /d/; occurs between vowels and the vowel following does not carry stress (bitter may sound like bidder);place small v under the /t/
Past tense (-ed) can be produced in how many ways? 3
past tense pronounced with a voiceless stop /t/ the verb ends with any voiceless consonant except /t/ (mapped, packed)
Past tense pronounced as a voiced stop /d/ any voiced consonant except /d/ ends the word (tabbed, begged0
past tense pronounced and transcribed as a separate syllable containing a vowel /ə,ɪ/ and /d/ if the verb ends with a /t/ or /d/ (netted, padded)
Syllabics in unstressed syllables /l,m,n,ŋ/ may exhibit a change involving vowel reduction but different than inserting /ə,ɪ/
When is a syllabic consonant more likely to occur? When the articulators don't move between the preceding sound and the lateral or nasal sounds (button,total); use diacritical marking of a small vertical line under the sound
Created by: sharnise