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Operating System

Module 4

QuestionAnswer
Boot Partition
System Partition
Domain
Drive Imaging
Dual Boot
File System
Loadstate
Scanstate
Product Activation
Slack
Userstate Migration Tool
Windows Installation Planning •Multiple Windows Versions •Multiple Editions •Upgrade Paths
Multiple Windows Versions oRetail, OEM, 32-bit/64-bit (64-bit editions allow access to more RAM)
Multiple Editions oTrend is toward creation of one DVD containing installation files oProduct key used defines edition oUpgrades accomplished by obtaining new product key and unlocking higher level
Upgrade Paths oMultiple paths between various versions and editions within each version
Which version of Vista contains every Windows Vista feature? Window Vista Ultimate
Minimum Hardware Requirements oOnline tool: Vista Upgrade Advisor oDisc tool: XP Readiness Analyzer
Hardware Compatibility oMicrosoft Web Site oDevice Maker Web Site oDual Boot
Which drivers must be Microsoft certified? 64-bit drivers
The default name and path for the XP Readiness Analyzer report is: c:\windows\compat.txt
Installation Methods New PC without an OS - Optical disk (Internal/external drive, CD or DVD) Original Disk (OEM or Retail) Image Disk – created with cloning software
Installation Methods New PC without an OS - Hard drive (Internal/external drive)  Original Disk (OEM or Retail)  Image file copied to another partition on the same or different drive
Installation Methods New PC without an OS - Distribution Server Across the Network – multicast or unicast Original Disk, OEM or Retail, are copied to a shared folder Image Disk copied to a shared folder
Installation Methods New PC without an OS - Unattnded installation using an answer file
Identify the Windows utility that will remove configuration settings before creating an image: sysprep.exe
Existing PC with an OS oOptical disk (Internal/external drive, CD or DVD) oHard drive (Internal/external drive) oDistribution Server oUnattended installation (using an answer file) oRecovery partition
Optical disk (Internal/external drive, CD or DVD) Original Disk (OEM or Retail) Image Disk – created with cloning software Recovery Disk
Hard drive (Internal/external drive) Original optical disk files, OEM or Retail, are copied to a partition Image file copied to another partition on the same or different drive
Distribution Server Across the Network – multicast/unicast Original Disk, OEM or Retail, are copied to a shared folder Image File copied to a shared folder
Recovery partition Usually a hidden partition accessible by defined keystroke Often combined with a utility capable of creating recovery optical disks Useless if the hard drive has crashed or inaccessible
Virtual Machine oVM software must be in place and setting for OS determined oInstallation on VM is very similar to normal PC installation Performed with optical disk or image file
The free virtual machine software from Microsoft is called: Virtual PC
Type of Installations •Clean Installation (only choice on a new system or new hard drive) •Upgrade Installation •Dual-boot Installation
Clean Installation (only choice on a new system or new hard drive) oEverything on the hard drive is overwritten oAdvantage: provides a fresh system oDisadvantage: all data is lost, all software must be reloaded, higher cost
Upgrade Installation oCurrent OS files on the hard drive are overwritten oAdvantage: faster installation, all data and software is retained, lower cost oDisadvantage: existing problems may be carried forward
Dual-boot Installation oCurrent OS is retained, new OS is installed on a different partition or drive oAdvantage: all data and software is retained, two OS are available oDisadvantage: second partition or drive required, higher cost
Drives/Partitions for installation oHard drive may be partitioned into logical sections oOnly one primary partition on a disk may be the active partition (usually C:\) oPartition size and file system must be predetermined
Master Boot Record (MBR) holds the partition table information (Master Boot Record (MBR)/Master Boot Sector (MBS) also holds the MBP) There can be up to 4 primary partitions (also called volumes or logical drives) There can be 3 primary and one extended partitions Extended partition may include several logical drives Extended partition may not be marked as active
Logical drive assigned its own drive letter uses part of or all the space in an extended partition
How many bytes are used to hold the master boot record? 512 byte
In which partition, system or boot, is the operating system stored? Boot Partition
Master Boot Record Partition Cylinders Tracks Clusters Sectors (Physical)
Master Boot Record Partition Table MBR = 4 Primary 4 Primary = 3 Primary(Only 1 active)& 1 Extend(not active) 1 Extend(not active)= Logical drives Logical drives = all spaces own drive letter
File system oNeeded to track the location of files and folders oCreated during a format of the drive or partition
Windows supports NTFS and FAT32 File Systems NTFS is more secure, more efficient than FAT Uses a database to hold file and folder location information
Which file system will Vista use automatically? NFTS file System
Networking Features of Windows •Standalone PC, workgroup node, or member of a domain •Automatic or manual IP addressing
What type of network is a Windows Domain? Client/Server Network
Identify the two commands associated with the USMT: Scanstate and Loadstate
Final Considerations •Hardware, device drivers and other software •Data backup (existing installations) •PC name and user accounts •PC security and OS updates
Post Installation Chores •Verify PC Functionality •Product Activation (prevents unlicensed use of software) •OS updates: Service Packs and Security Updates •Applications, utilities (AV, Adobe, browser, etc.) •User accounts •Backup the System State (Module Five)
Created by: booaphi