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Stack #73758

Rome
These mts. in the north protected the Romans for many years from invasiion
Alps
What city became the capital of the Roman Republic
Rome
After the Romans overthrew their Etruscan king, they created
a republic
The source of ancient Roman mythology came from
Greece
Western Civilization today uses the mythology of the Romans in what way
images in literature, science, art
The social class in ancient Rome which were wealthy and well born were
Patricians
The ______ were the poorer members of society
Plebeians
What is a Republic?
Government by representatives
Who were considered citizens in the Republic of Rome?
Freeborn Roman men
The Twelve Tables of written laws were an important step because
They made laws public for all citizens to read
The most powerful governing body of Ancient Rome was the
Senate
Which classes of Romans were able to be elected to the Tribrune?
plebeians
Romans worshipped a family of Gods this is type of religion is called
polytheism
What was the Roman law code called?
the Twelve Tables
What did the Romans do to conquered people to make them a part of the empire?
Gave them Roman citizenship
Who di Rome fight the Punic Wars against?
Carthage
Winning the Punic Warw gave Rome control of what sea?
Mediterranean Sea
What famous general invaded the Italian peninsula during the Punic War?
Hannibal
What group spread Roman culture more than any others did?
soldiers
Who was assassinated by the Roman Senate to prevent him from becoming a dictator?
Julius Caesar
Who ended the Roman civil war with his victory over Marc Anthony?
Augustus Caesar
Who was the first emperor of Rome?
Augustus Caesar
What is the 200 year period of Roman peace and prosperity initiated by Augustus Caesar known as?
Pax Romana
How weere the Pax Romana and the AGe of Pericles in Athens similar?
Both weer times of peace and artistic advancement
What was the book that contained the teachings of Jesus?
New Testament
What role did the Christian Church play in the late Roman Empire?
The Church became the moral authority in the empire
Where did the Romans hold the gamew of the gladiators?
Colosseum
How did the Romans respond to the problem of public health?
They built public baths and provided food for the poor
What wa the concept for Western civilization that was established in Roman law
All citizens wer innocent unless proven guilty
Latin became the basis for what language group?
Romance
Name three reasons why the Roman Empire declined
Inflation, Political Corruption, Barbarian Invasions, Decline in Morals and Values, Escessive Military Spending to Defend the Empire Inferior Technology, Rise in Christianity, Unemployment, Urban Decay
What two things did Emperors spend too much tax money on?
Games and Armies
The form of Democracy that the Romans boroweed from the Greeks but modified is called?
Democratic republic
The Roman Republic had the religionof gods and goddesses, but under the Roman Empire they changed over to what religion?
Christianity
Ancient Roman mythology was based upon
Greek polytheistic religion
Ancient Rome's powerful nobility comprised only 10 percent of the poplution. This class of people were called________.
Patricians
The Punic Wars wer a long series of conflicts between which countries?
Rome and Carthage
The representatives of the plebeians were called
tribunes
The Christian Church un Rome was probably founded by
Paul
What Roman god or goddess was the god of war
Mars
What was the name of the two people elected by the Senate to serve for one year term?
Consuls
Rome lies on what Continetn?
Europe
Which invader came through the Alps
Hannibal
rome lives on the ____ peninsula
Italian
Roman civilization arose in which river valley?
Tiber
Who was Romulus and Remus
Twins, raised bya wolf founded the city of Rome
Aqueducts carried ___ to the city of Rome
water
What builting material did the Romans invent?
concrete
What was Rome's first and most famous highway?
Appian Way
The Romans built a grand marble building for their gods and goddesses. It was called the
Pantheon
A republic is a government with or without a king?
without a king
Did th Senate and Assembly checked the power of each other?
yes
Did the two Consuls check the power of each other?
Yes
What representive was elected for life?
Senate
Which was the most powerful the Senate or the Assembly?
Senate
At first how many Consul's were there?
Two
Could the Consuls disagree and create a deadlock?
yes
The Christian religion arose out of what religion?
Jewish
Created by: lawrencem