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Elements- A. Cionci

Elements and Principles of Design

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, Unity
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces-making them brighter and lighter, rough surfaces absorb more light-making them look darker and less intense
What do curved lines suggest? Adds a soft, graceful effect to designs
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Horizontal Lines-Leads the eye from left to right, Vertical Lines-Lead the eye up
What do diagonal lines suggest? Suggest action, movement, and excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, and Continuous line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. ex. table with different things on each side
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Vertical Lines- lead the eye up, horizontal- lead the eye from side to side
What is the golden mean? 3:5
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape-A flat or silhoutte image, Form-The outlines edges of a three dimensional object
What are the five types of balance? Horizontal, Vertical, Radial,
What does unity or harmony mean? all elements work together to create harmony
What are the two things texture involves? color and touch
What are the four types of line? Vertical Horizontal Diagonal Curved
What is proportion? how the design is visually divided
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? informal
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Balance-when both parts are identical ex. butterfly
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? one item stands out, focal point
What happens when you use a continuous line? creates a line for eye to follow
What is another name for symmetrical balance? formal
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? informal
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation-Designs increase or decrease in size, Radiation-Lines or designs move out from center point
Created by: ascionci