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E & P - M Minadeo

Elements and Principles of Design

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Line, Color, Texture, Shape, Form and Space.
What are the principles of design? Balance, Emphasis, Unity, Rhythm, and Proportion.
What is the principle repetition? How often different parts of a pattern appear.
How does texture affect color? Rougher textures make colors look darker.
What do curved lines suggest? A soft, graceful effect
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Horizontal is equal on both the top and the bottom, vertical is equal on the left and the right, and radial is equal going all the way around.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, movement, and excitement
What is space? The area in a room.
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, and Continuous Line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? The subject is not identical on both sides, but is still balanced. An example would be two pillows on one side of a couch and one on the other.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines suggest width and vertical lines suggest height.
What is the golden mean? A 3:5 ratio that makes everything proportionate.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is 2D and form is 3D.
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Radial, Formal and Informal.
What does unity or harmony mean? Everything looks like it belongs together.
What are the two things texture involves? How a surface feels and how a surface appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, and Curved.
What is proportion? The way the size of two things relate to each other.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Something is identical on both sides, like curtains hanging over a window.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? Emphasis is what the eye is most attracted too. Also called Focal Point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? The eye is drawn all around the length of the room and everything looks more connected.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation is when one element or size gradually changes, and radiation is when the design moves out from a center point.
Created by: risformaria