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E. and P. -- B. Lin

Elements and Principles of Design Terms

What are the elements of design? Space, line, form, shape, texture, and color.
What are the principles of design? Balance, proportion/scale, rhythm, emphasis, and unity.
What is the principle repetition? The principle repetition, is when the design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? Smooth textures seem lighter, while rough textures seem darker, for a rougher texture has more surface area then a smoother texture, and therefore absorbs more light. A smoother texture reflects more light, because of it's smooth surface.
What do curved lines suggest? They suggest, natural, gracefulness, softness.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? The difference is that, horizontal balance is when left and right parts are equal, vertical balance is when top and bottom parts are equal, and radial balance is when elements radiate out from the design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? They suggest, action, movement, excitement.
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose.
What are the four types of rhythm? They are, gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Asymmetrical balance is when, parts of the design are not identical, but are equal in visual weight. Ex. A daisy.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines, lead the eye from left to right, suggests imformality, peacefulness, calm, restfulness, and makes the room appear wider and shorter. Vertical lines, lead the eye up, and add more height, formality, and strength, room appears taller.
What is the golden mean? The golden mean, is a 3 to 5 ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a 2D object, while form is a 3D object.
What are the five types of balance? Horizontal, vertical, radial, symmetrical, and asymmetrical.
What does unity/harmony mean? Unity/harmony is when, all the elements and principles of design work together to create perfect harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? The two things that texture involves is, how it feels to the touch and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Horizontal, vertical, diagonal, and wavy.
What is proportion? Proportion is how the design is visually divided.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical balance suggests excitement or interest.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Symmetrical balance is, when both parts of a design are identical. Ex. A butterfly
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? Emphasis is when one object or item, stands out the most. Another name for it is focal point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? When you use a continuous line, you create a continuous line for the eye to follow.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balance.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal balance.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? The difference between gradation and radiation is that for gradation, designs decrease or increase in size, one element of the design changes. For radiation, lines or designs move out from the center point.
Created by: cabbageroll


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