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E & P- J. Wong

Elements and Principles of Design

What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, & Unity
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth Surface reflect more light while rough surfaces absorb more light
What do curved lines suggest? Adds a soft, graceful effect to designs
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Horizontal Balance: Left and Right parts are equal Vertical Balance: Top and Bottom parts are equal Radical Balance: Elements radiate out from the design
What do diagonal lines suggest? Suggests action, movement, and excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, and Continuous Line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Ex: Can be a table with a candle on the left side and a cup on the other side of the table
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Vertical line go from up to down and Horizontal Line goes from left to right
What is the golden mean? 3:5 (3 to 5 ratio)
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat or silhouette image (2D), while Form is the outlined edges of a three dimensional object (3D)
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Horizontal, Vertical, Radial
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony
What are the two things texture involves? How a surface feels to touch and how it appears to feel
What are the four types of line? Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, Curved
What is proportion? How a design is visually divided
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both parts are identical Ex: Plants, Insects, or Humans
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object/item stands out, or the other word for it is Focal Point
What happens when you use a continuous line? Design creates a continuous line for eye to follow
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Even
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Uneven
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation is when a design increases or decreases in size/ one element of design changing. Radiation is when lines or designs move out from the center point.
Created by: animelover