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Wiker SS Ch. 2

Vocabulary from Ch. 2 of SS - The First Americans

a huge, slow moving mass of ice covering land glacier
the movement of people migration
a possible explanation theory
a scientist who studies the culture of people who lived long ago archaeologist
an object made by early people artifact
a person’s child, grandchild, great-grandchild, and so on descendant
a story by Native America people that tell about their beginnings and how the world came to be origin story
an early family member ancestor
a period of ten years decade
a period of one hundred years century
a period of one thousand years millennium
a wandered who has no settled home nomad
the use of scientific knowledge and tools to make or do something technology
no longer in existence extinct
farming agriculture
a group of people who share the same language, land, and leaders tribe
a culture that usually has cities with well developed forms of government, religion, and education civilization
a group of people who are alike in some way; these groups may be treated with different amounts of respect in a society class
the practice of holding people against their will and making them carry out orders slavery
a Spanish word for “village” pueblo
to adjust ways of living to land and resources adapt
something, such as milk or bread, that is always needed and used staple
an amount that is more than what is needed surplus
a series of actions performed during a special event ceremony
a cone-shaped Navajo shelter built by covering a log frame with bark and mud hogan
a boat made from a large, hollowed out log dugout
to exchange goods usually without using money barter
a special Native American gathering or celebration with feasting and dancing potlatch
a group of families that are related to one another clan
a house that was partially built over a hole in the Earth so some rooms could be underground pit house
a long spear with a sharp point on one end harpoon
a tall wooden post carved with shapes of animals and people and representing a family’s history and importance totem pole
a circular house of the Plains Indians lodge
Earth cut into blocks or mats, held together by grass and its roots sod
a cone-shaped tent make from wooden poles and buffalo skins tepee
a device made of two poles fastened to a dog’s harness, used to carry possessions travois
a wall made of sharpened tree trunks to protect a village from enemies or wild animals palisade
a method of clearing land for farming that includes cutting and burning of trees slash-and-burn
a round, bark-covered Native American shelter wigwam
beads made from cut and polished seashells strung together and used to keep records, send messages to other tribes, barter for goods, or give as gifts wampum
a long wooden building in which several related Iroquois families lived together longhouse
a loosely united group of governments working together confederation
a group that makes laws council
Created by: wiker5
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