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CIT226 Ch 6 Printing

CIT226 Win Server - Chapter 6 2008 Printing

bidirectional printing Ability of a parallel printer to conduct two-way communication between the printer and the computer, such as to provide out-of-paper information; Plug and Play and enables an operating system to query a printer about its capabilities.
data type Way in which information is formatted in a print file.
enhanced metafile (EMF) A data type for printing used by Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista, 7, Server 2003, and Server 2008 operating systems.
graphics device interface (GDI) An interface on a Windows network print client that works with a local software application, such as Microsoft Word, and a local printer driver to format a file to be sent to a local printer or a network print server.
Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) A protocol that is encapsulated in HTTP and that is used to print files over the Internet.
local print device A printer, such as a laser printer, physically attached to a port on the local computer.
network print device A printing device, such as a laser printer, connected to a print server through a network.
PostScript printer A printer that has special firmware or cartridges to print using a page description language (PDL).
print client Client computer or application that generates a print job.
print job A document or items to be printed.
print queue A stack or lineup of print jobs, with the first job submitted at the top of the stack and the last job submitted at the bottom, and all of the jobs waiting to be sent from the spooler to the printer.
print server Network computer or server device that connects printers to the network for sharing and that receives and processes print requests from print clients.
Printer Control Language (PCL) A printer language used by non-PostScript Hewlett-Packard and compatible laser printers.
printer driver Contains the device-specific information that Windows Server 2008 requires to control a particular print device, implementing customized printer control codes, font, and style information so that documents are converted into a printer-specific language.
printer pooling Linking two or more identical printers with one printer setup or printer share.
RAW A data type often used for printing MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, and UNIX and Linux print files.
spool file A print file written to disk until it can be transmitted to a printer.
spooler In the Windows environment, a group of DLLs, information files, and programs that process print jobs for printing.
spooling A process working in the background to enable several print files to go to a single printer. Each file is placed in temporary storage until its turn comes to be printed.
TEXT A data type used for printing text files formatted using the ANSI standard that employs values between 0 and 255 to represent characters, numbers, and symbols.
XML Paper Specification (XPS) An advanced way of printing documents for multiple purposes, including viewing electronic pages and printing pages in a polished format.
Created by: Leisac