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Chpt 14 Nervous Sys

Medical Terminology Sys.: A Body Sys. App. 6th Ed.

incision of the cerebrum cerebr/o/tomy
softening of the cranium crani/o/malacia
herniation of the brain encephal/o/cele
disease of the meninges lept/o/mening/o/pathy
difficulty using words dys/lex/ia
herniation of the meninges mening/o/cele
tumor in the meninges meningi/oma
inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord poli/o/myel/itis
relating to sleep narc/o/tic
destruction of a nerve neur/o/lysis
pain in the nerve root radicul/algia
condition of excessive strength hyper/sthen/ia
incision of the thalamus thalam/o/tomy
pertaining to the space within a sheath intra/thec/al
bad or poor (muscle) tone dys/ton/ia
measurement of ventricle (pressure) ventricul/o/metry
absense of (a normal sense of) pain an/algesia
joined (referred) pain syn/algia
muscle weakness asthenia
increased feeling hyper/ethesia
excessive movement hyper/kinesia
seizure of sleep narc/o/lepsy
excision of a ganglion gangli/ectomy
tumor (composed of) neuroglial tissue gli/oma
condition of slow movement brady/kines/ia
disease of the meninges lept/o/mening/o/pathy
difficulty using words dys/lex/ia
paralysis of one-half (of the body) hemi/paresis or hemi/plegia
without speech a/phasia
paralysis of four (extremities) quadri/plegia
without coordination a/taxia
inflammation of the dura mater pachy/mening/itis
paralysis of lower body and limbs para/plegia
referred pain syn/algia
pertaining to one side uni/later/al
abnormal mood, manic or depressed affective disorder
eating disorder, thin desire anorexia nervosa
worry excessive thought on "what if..." anxiety
impulsiveness,overactivity,inability to remain focused on a task ADHD
unusual shifts in mood, emotion, energy, and ability to function bipolar disorder
eating disorder, binge (overeat) purge (vomit/lax) bulimia nervosa
sadness, despair, discouragement, feelings of low self-esteem, guilt, and withdrawal depression
mental and physical hyperactivity,disorganized behavior, and excessively elevated mood mania
sudden, intense, overwhelming feeling of fear that comes with warning or immediate danger panic attack
inability to comprehend auditory, visual, spatial, olfactory, or other sensations even though the sensory sphere is intact agnosia
weakness, debility, or loss of strength asthenia (MS)
lack of muscle coordination in execution of voluntary movement ataxia
premonitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder; sensation that precedes seizures aura
extreme withdrawal, abnormal absorption in fantasy, inability to communicate even on a basic level autism
injury to the head where the dura mater remains intact and brain tissue is not exposed closed head trauma
deep unconsciousness with absence of voluntary response to stimuli coma
brain injury with loss of consciousness as a result concussion
sudden, violent contraction of muscle/s convulsion
cognitive defect, memory impairment dementia
inability to learn and process written language despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability, and exposure dyslexia
autoimmune acute inflammation of PNS nerves where myelin sheaths on axons are destroyed resulting in decreased nerve impulses, loss of reflex response, and sudden muscle weakness Guillain-Barre syndrome
painful, acute infectious disease of the posterior root ganglia of only a few segments of the spinal or cranial nerves; shingles herpes zoster
CNS disease portrays quick involuntary movement, speech disturbances, and mental deterioration Huntington chorea
fluid accumulation in brain ventricles, causing ICP, thin brain tissue, cranial bone separation hydrocephalus
inactivity or lack of response to normal stimuli; sluggishness lethargy
triggers feelings of distress and anxiety and impairs normal behavior neurosis
facial paralysis caused by a functional disorder of the seventh cranial nerve, associated with herpes virus Bell palsy
can occur as a result of trauma to the brain during the birthing process; paralysis that affects movement and body position and, sometimes speech and learning ability Cerebral palsy (CP)
neural tube fails to close during embryogenesis spina bifida
form of spina bifida where meninges protrude through spine mening/o/cele
form of spina bifida where spinal cord and meninges protrude through spine myel/o/mening/o/cele
form of spina bifida in which one or more vertebrae are malformed and the spinal cord is covered with a layer of skin occulta
numbness, prickling, tingling, or heightened sensitivity sensations paresthesia
inflammation of spinal cord's gray matter caused by virus, commonly resulting in spinal and muscle deformity and paralysis poliomyelitis
acute encephalopathy and fatty infiltration of the brain, liver, and, possibly, the pancreas, heart, kidney, spleen, and lymph nodes Reye syndrome
leg pain along sciatic nerve felt from base of spine,radiating down thigh and leg due to compressed nerve sciatica
fainting, temporary loss of consciousness due to the sudden decline of blood flow to the brain syncope
seizure with loss of consciousness w/ stiffness (tonic) followed by jerking (clonic) tonic-clonic seizure
interference with brain blood supply lasting minutes to hours transient ischemic attack (TIA)
brain electrical activity recording electr/o/encephal/o/graphy
muscle electrical activity recording at both rest and contraction to assess nerve damage electr/o/my/o/graphy
needle puncture of spinal cavity to extract CSF (spinal puncture or spinal tap) lumbar puncture
measures speed at which impulses travel through a nerve nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
chemical, microscopic, and microbial test to diagnose CNS disorders CSF analysis
radiography of blood vessels after contrast medium introduction (cerebral arteriography) angiography
rotating x-Ray emitter around area to be scanned and measuring intensity of transmitted rays from different angles computed tomography (CT)
diagnostic radiological exam of spinal canal, nerve roots, and spinal cord after injection of spinal medium into spinal canal myelography
scan using CT to record positrons emitted from radiopharmaceutical x-sect image of metabolic activity in body tissues to determine presence of disease positron emission tomography (PET)
image produced by high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) that display echoes; sonography, echogram ultrasonography (US)
US technique to study intracranial structures of the brain and conditions that shift midline brain structures echoencephalography
extreme cold use to destroy abnormal tissue cryosurgery
destroy sharp circumscribed lesions on tiny specific areas of tissue in deep-seated structures of CNS stereotaxic radiosurgery
partial thalamus destruction treating intractable pain, involuntary movements, or emotional disturbances thalamotomy
transection of a nerve tract in the brainstem or spinal cord tractotomy
circular cut in skull revealing brain tissue and decreasing pressure trephination
vagus nerve function interrupted for relief of peptic ulcer vagotomy
Created by: 100001194417609



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