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Color Theory Quiz 1

subtractive, additive, hue, value, shade, tint, complementary, tertiary

subtractive color Color seen in pigment as the result of reflected light. When primaries are combined the result is black or near black.
Additive color Color as seen in light. When combined the result is white light.
Color as it relates to light light is the basis for all color. amount and quality of light determine the strength and brightness of color.
metamarism the color of an object will change as the quality and type of light changes. ie florescent vs. incandescent
spectrum color as cast upon a wall by a prism, or as seen in a rainbow in the form of pure colored light.
hue the name given to a color to describe its location on the color spectrum based upon its wavelength.
value The relative quality of lightness or darkness in a color. The only structural aspect of color visible in a black and white photograph.
saturation sometimes also called intensity or chroma, refers to the relative purity of hue present in a color. vivid color.
color overtone describes the secondary hue "bias" of a primary color. ie red can lean toward violet or orange.
shade the result of mixing a color with black.
prismatic color pure hues that represent the colors of the color spectrum at their highest saturation level.
chromatic gray Subtle colors that result from considerably lowering the saturation level of prismatic colors. they weakly exhibit the distinguishing quality of the hue family to which they belong.
monochromatic a color scheme based on one hue. can include a range of values and saturation levels and may also stretch the def. of one hue to include several versions of it.
tint results from mixing a color with white.
tone made by mixing gray (chromatic or achromatic) with a color. can also refer to all colors achieved by admixture including tints and shades.
cones exist in fovea, about 1 mm in diameter; allows eye to see red, blue, and green.
rods exist in fovea; allow eye to see value.
effects surrounding hues/other values luminosity & inherent light r related 2 each other n indiv. colors and n color combi. can compromise or enhance the sensation of inherent light making it appear darker, lighter, and more or less saturated.
iodopsin A violet, light-sensitive visual pigment found in the cones of the retina. Also called visual violet.
hues and related wavelengths long= red and orange; medium= yellow and green; and short= blue and violet. red is the being the longest; yellow is the middle hue; violet is the shortest.
trichromatic theory theory of how we see color. Light enters the photoreceptor and then transforms the impulses to the brain via the optic nerve.
opponent process theory how we make sense of color in our mind. after images happen if a set of cones becomes tired the complementary will be seen as in when red is stimulated green is inhibited.
complementary hues that are directly opposite on the color wheel.
color wheel a circular depiction of various colors and their relationships. set up with a progression from warm to cool colors each on half the wheel.
warm colors colors that stimulate, raise pulse, incite rage, feel hot, ect.
cool colors colors that are calm, cold, detached, tranquil, and elicit a feeling of ease.
additive primary colors red, green, blue colors that combine to make white.
subtractive primary colors red, yellow, blue colors that combined make black or near black.
cmyk transparent colors that are used in printing/newspapers. black, cyan, magenta, and yellow.
secondary hues orange, green, and violet. colors made by combining two primary colors.
tertiary hues yellow-orange, yellow-green, red-violet, red-orange, blue-green, and blue-violet. Also called intermediate colors. Each combines a primary with a secondary color.
successive contrast the name for the visual phenomenon that creates complementary afterimages of a color after gazing at it for a brief but sustained period of time.
simultaneous contrast the effect two neighboring colors have upon each other as their afterimages interact along a shared border.
Newton-experiment w/ prism; reflection and absorbtion the reason we see a particular color- orange is that all of the other light rays are absorbed and only orange is reflected
incident beam a beam of transmitted light
reflected beam the beam of color after it has hit an object
color blindness deficiency in 1 type of cone; can have trouble seeing complementary colors; occurs mostly in males (7%) as opposed to women (1%)
Created by: mamafer