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Typeface Class.

Typeface Classifications

Blackletter Ornate capitals, diamond-shaped serifs, thick lines, hard to read. Should never appear in all caps.
Oldstyle Small x-height, moderate diff. btwn thin/thick strokes. Ends of bracketed serifs are rounded. Noted for high readability and comfortable feel.
Venetian Oldstyle also called Humanist (but Venetian is better) Far left-angled axis & crossbars, angled small e is a cincher for classifying though it's not found in all. Rounded or cupped serifs, moderate contrast btwn thick/thin strokes, wider capitals.
Garalde Oldstyle Horizontal crossbar on sm. e, slightly greater contrast btwn thin/thick strokes, axis very slightly left angled, bracketed serifs (curved up into the letter on top), flatter on bottom.
Transitional Well suited to longer text (books) due to regularity & precision, vertical axis or barely angled, more diff. in stroke widths, thin, flat-bottomed, bracketed & sharp ended serifs. One of the most readable typefaces.
Modern (or Didone) Extreme diff. btwn thick/thin strokes, serifs tend to be thin and flat (unbracketed), vertical axis.
Slab Serif Heavy serifs. Two subcategories are: Egyptian (or Block Serif) and Clarendon.
Egyptian Slab Serif (or Block Serif) Bold, evenly weighted strokes, square, heavy, unbracketed serifs. Popular for ad posters &billboards in the early 1800's.
Clarendon Slab Serif Some stroke weight difference, heavy, bracketed, squared serifs.
Sans Serif (Sometimes called Lineale) Without serifs, strokes fairly equal in weight. Sub-categories incl. SS Grotesque, SS Neo-Grotesque, SS Humanist, SS Geometric, SS Square,
Sans Serif Grotesque Minimal stroke contrast, no serifs, double story a/g, spur on capital G.
Sans Serif Neo-Grotesque Minimal Stroke contrast, no serifs, single story a/g, no spur on captal G.
Sans Serif Humanist Large aperture, lower x-height. Highly readable: proportions based on Oldstyle. Anti-geometric features: slight stroke width contrast. Lower case a/g typically double story. Cursive appearing italics.
Sans Serif Geometric Bowls are perfect circles, appear to have single weight line, characters made up of geometric forms, any x-height.
Sans Serif Square Based on Grotesque & Neo-Grotesque, but noticeable squareness.
Typewriter/Monospaced Monospaced, look like they're made on a typewriter, longer serifs to compensate, narrow M's & W's. Not all typewriter looking faces are Typewriter! Check your I's and M's!
Handwriting Emulates handwriting, evenly strokes as if printed with felt-tip pen.
Script Imitates cursive writing, more difficult to read, used only for short amounts of text, never use all caps.
Decorative Ornate or oddly shaped, often difficult to read, use only for headlines (Or t-shirts! ;P). As a general rule, don't use more than one of these in composition. Combine with a plain, highly readable typeface.
Blackletter Bastarda Blackletter typeface based on cursive writing. It is typified by an 'o' which is pointed at the top and bottom.
Blackletter Fraktur The most common type of blackletter type still used in Germany, characterised by a D-shaped 'o'.
Blackletter Rotunda The Italian version of blackletter type, typified by a smooth circular 'o'.
Blackletter Textura or Old English An angular family of blackletter type, characterised by a hexagonal 'o'.
Created by: Poptimistic