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Network+ Chpt1 Terms

TermDefinition
Address A number that uniquely identifies each workstation and device on a network.
Client A computer on the network that requests resources or services from another computer on a network. In some cases, a client could also act as a server. The term “ client” may also refer to the user of a client workstation or a client software application in
Client/Server Network A network that uses centrally administered computers, known as servers, to enable resource sharing for and facilitate communication between the other computers on the network.
Host A computer that enables resource sharing by other computer on the same network.
Internet A complex WAN that connects LANs and clients around the globe.
LAN (Local Area Network) A network of computers and other devices that is confined to a relatively small space, such as one building or even one office.
Network A group of computers and other devices (such as printers) that are connected by and can exchange data via some type of transmission media, such as a cable, a wire, or the atmosphere.
Peer-to-Peer Network A network in which every computer can communicate directly with every other computer. By default, no computer on a peer-to-peer network has more authority than another. However, each computer can be configured to share only some of its resources and keep
Protocol A standard method of format for communication between network devices. Protocols ensure that data are transferred whole, in sequence, and without error from one node on the network to another.
Server A computer on the network that manages shared resources. Servers usually have more processing power, memory, and hard disk space than clients. They run network operate software that can manage not only data, but also users, groups, security, and applicati
Topology The physical layout of computers on a network.
User A person who used a computer.
WAN (Wide Area Network) A network that spans a long distance and connects two or more LANs.
MAC Address Unique 48-bit address assigned to each network card.
Router A device that connect separate networks together.
Subnet Mask The value used in TCP/IP settings to divide the IP address of a host into its component parts: network ID and host ID.
PING Packet Internet Groper. A small network message sent by a computer to check for the presence of another system.
Created by: terrafirma