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graphic design hist1

Exam 1 Study Guide Introduction, Chapter 1, Chapter 2

QuestionAnswer
A British corollary to the French Symbolist movement in literature and the arts. Artists such as __ reveled in sensuality, mysticism, and beauty; it was sometimes disparagingly referred to as the __. Aesthetic Movement
One of the first high-end quality sans serif typefaces, it was released by the German foundry Berthold in 1896. Akzidenz Grotesk
The term denotes the geometric patterns that were popular part of the Art Nouveau style. Arabesques
A composition structured in such a way that its forms are suggestive of the elements of __. Architectonic
__ a late nineteenth-century decorative arts movement in Europe and the United States taht favored a unified design style based on organic forms, and featured a significant Asian, particularly Japanese, formal influence. Art Nouveau
A late nineteenth-century decorative arts movement in Europe and the United States that rejected industrial production in favor of handcrafted goods with simple, often geometric, designs. Arts and Crafts
An Art Nouveau typeface designed in 1901 by __ that displayed an Asian influence. Auriol
18th century traditional type design in England by __ Baskerville
a roman typeface designed by __ in 1908 for AEG Behrens-Antiqua
a decorative typeface by __ in the 1900s as a compromise between blackletter and art nouveau Behrens-Fraktur
a typeface designed by __ in 1901 that combined elements of blackletter script and roman structure Behrens-Schrift
a 15th century oldstyle type designed in venice by aldus manutius Bembo
a subset of __ woodblock prints that showcase images of beautiful young woman, mainly courtesans Bijin-ga
the general term for typefaces that resemble the form of medieval script; the positive space formed by black ink overwhelms the negative white space of the paper Blackletter
a German art nouvaeu typeface designed by otto weisert in 1904 Bocklin
18th century modern type designed in italy by __ Bodoni
18th century transitional type designed in england by __ Caslon
__ ; the process by which a colour image is reproduced using flat stones that have been drawn on with greasy ink or crayons. a separate stone is used for each colour. Chromolithography
a design characterized by fluid __ lines. Curvilinear
a german organization founded in munich in 1907 with the intent of raising the quality, both aesthetic and functional, of the nation's industrial production Deutscher Werkbund
18th century modern type designed in france by __ Didot
a german typeface devised by __ in 1900 to reconcile art nouveau and blackletter elements Eckmann
a unit of measure in typography that corresponds to the size of the frame around the letter. Em Box
generally speaking any artistic style that focuses more on how something feels as opposed to how it looks. Expressionism
the result of a drawing technique that allows for the accurate representation of elements perpendicular the the picture plane, such as a picture pointing at the viewer Foreshortened
blackletter type characterized by __ forms that originated in germany in the 16th century, also used as a synonym for blackletter type Fraktur
a high quality sans-serif typeface designed in 1902 by the american morris fuller benton Franklin Gothic
15th century old style type designed in france by __ Garamond
a "total work of art" meaning a piece, originating with the music dramas of richard wagner that collapses every possible aesthetic experience into a unified whole Gesamtkunstwerk
an alternative name for blackletter type that imitates medieval script; in the us, sans-serif. Gothic
a synonym for sans-serif type commonly used in great britain and europe Grotesque
a work that references styles from the past Historicist
akin to a billboard, an exterior space such as a wall, for presentation of posters Hoardings
a book printed before 1501 Incunabula
type that slants elegantly upwards and to the right. Italics
the euro especially fr adoption of __ during the late 19th century Japonisme
15th century old style type designed in venice by typographer __ Jenson-Eusebius
a general term for a __ house and its employees that work "__ to __ " without apparent specialization or design training. Job Printer
a german synonym for art nouveau meaning "young art," derived from the magazine __ . Jugendstil
the spacing of the text so that the ends of lines are even Justified
a viennese school dedicated to the theory and practice of the decorative arts. Kunstgewerbeschule
printing technique whereby the ink is supported on a raised surface, such as the __ of metal type. Letterpress
an industrial machine, developed in 1886 that facilitated mechanical typesetting by setting an entire line of type Linotype
a visual symbol that identifies a given company or institution, such as a trademark Logotypes
18th century roman type that is characterized by extreme contrast in stroke thickness, staunchly vertical stress, and hairline serifs. Modern type
an industrial machine, developed in 1889, that facilitated machanical typesetting by producing type character by character, thereby revolutionizing the field. Monotype
roman type of the 15th and 16th centuries that is characterized by understated contrast, bracketed serifs, and oblique stress. Old Style
a form in art that is derived from the actual world through its shape, which is often curving, irregular, and __ . Organic Form
a design that is structured mostly with right angles, such as a grid Orthogonal
a design dominated by flat __ Planar
a design characterized by straight lines Rectilinear
an 18th century unified design style that featured exuberant color, sinous forms, and an overall emphasis on a sensual atmosphere Rococo
a typeface style dating from the renaissance, originally derived from carolingian minuscule, __ letters feature serifs. Roman
the process of highlighting words through utilization of colored inks Rubrication
a roman letter typeface that does __ feature __ Sans Serif
blackletter type germany 15th c Schwabacher
__ , art nouveau in vienna Secessionstil
a type with heavy rectangular __ Slab Serif
uppercase, equal size to x height Small Capitals
angle of the major axis in which the strokes of the letter are structured, not the angle of the strokes themselves Stress
appear to be structured around a set __ or group of compositional rules Stylized
late 19th c movement based in france, focused on spirituality, sensuality, and the artistic subjective experience of the world Symbolist
a kind of early blackletter used in the guttenberg Textura
17th c roman type characterized by vertical stress significant contrast wide proportions and thin elegant serifs. Transitional
pictures of the floating world, __ woodblock prints, actors courtisans and landscapes Ukiyo-e
blackletter introduced in 1793 by __ who attempted to adopt the geometric structures of modern style roman type Unger-Fraktur
__ rejected conservatives Vienna Secession
a stylist element of art nouveau, a __ , pent up energy of a __ in mid air Whiplash Curve
the __ a group of artists spun off of the __ secession that wanted raise the quality of austrian decorative arts Wiener Werkstatte
relief printing in which the image is carved into a block of __ to facilitate reproduction Woodcut
a standardized type measurement based on the size a lowercase letter X Height
Created by: dalejr