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Injury Nomenclature

Injury nomenclature medical terminology

QuestionAnswer
Musculotendinous Unit The group formed by a muscle and its tendons
Eccentric Contraction Muscular contraction in which the elongation of the muscle is voluntarily controlled. ie: lowering a weight
Tendinitis Inflammation of the structures encased within the tendon's outer layering
Tenosynovitis Inflammation of the synovial sheath surrounding a tendon
Calcific Tendinitis Calcium formation within a tendon. May develop with long-term tendinitis.
Etiology The cause of a disease (also: study of the causes of disease)
Myositis Ossificans The formation of bone within a muscle belly's fascia and its intramuscular extensions close to the bone.
Hematoma A collection of clotted blood within a confined space
Extracapsular Outside of the joint capsule
Intracapsular Inside of the joint capsule
Sprain Stretching or tearing of the ligaments, joint capsule, or both
Subluxation The partial or complete disassociation of the joint's articulating surfaces that may spontaneously return to their normal alignments.
Dislocation Dissociation of a joint's articulating surfaces.
Antalgic Gait A limp or unnatural walking patters caused by pain, trauma, or dysfunction of the lower extremity
Closed-Packed Position The point in a joint's ROm at which its bones are miximally congruent; the most stable position of a joint
Diaphysis The shaft of a long bone
Ecchymosis A blue or purple area of skin caused by the movement of blood into the skin
Freedom of Movement The number of cardinal planes in which a joint allows motion
Hemarthrosis Blood within a joint cavity
Hematoma A collection of clotted blood within a confined space
Ischemia Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply caused by the obstruction of blood flow to a body area
Kinematic The characteristics of movement related to time and space; the effects of joint action
Kinetic The forces being analyzed; the caused of joint action
Open-Packed Position The joint position at which its bones are maximally incongruent
Sign An observable condition that indicates the existence of a disease or injury
Symptom A contition not visually apparant to the examiner, indicating the existence of a disease or injury. Symptoms are usually obtained during the history-taking process
Isometric Contraction A muscle contraction which generates force without changing length.
Isotonic Contraction A muscle contraction with a change in the length of the muscle. Two types: Eccentric and Concentric
Created by: HillaryATC