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Literary Elements/

Definitions on Literary Elements

Action Refers to everyting that goes on or happens in a story.
The Protagonist Is the hero/heroine of the story.
The Antagonist The person or thing fighting against the hero in a story; The villian or "negative force".
A Charater Is a person or animal in a story.
Setting Is the time and place of the story.
Plot Is the action of the story. The action is usually made up of a series of events called a plot line.
-Exposition Part of the story(usually the beginning) which explains the background and setting of the story; The characters are often introduced in the __________.
-Rising Action The central part of the story during which various conflicts arise.
-Climax Is the high point(turning point) in the action of the story.
-Falling Action That part of the story which follows the conflicts or turing point; it contains the action or dialogue necessary to lead the story to a resolution or ending.
-Resolution Is the satisfying end of the story--- that part in which the conflicts are solved.
Conflict Is the "problem" in a story which triggers action. There are two basic types of confict.
1. External Conflict A conflict in which a character struggles against some outside force. There are four basic kinds of external conflict.
-Person vs. Person One character in a story has a conflict with one or more of the other characters
-Person vs. Society Aa charcter has a conflict or problem with society-the law, the school, a tradition, etc.
-Person vs. Nature A character has a conflict or problen with some element of nature: a snowstorm, an avalanche, a wild animal.
-Person vs. Universe A character has to battle what seems to be an uncontrollable problem.
2. Internal Conflict A conflict which takes place within the mind of a character. There is one basic type.
-Person vs. Himself/Herself A charater struggles inside and has trouble deciding what to do.
Point of View Is the perspective from which the story is told. This depends on who is telling the story.
First-person point or view One of the characters tells the story using the word "I".
Third-person point of view Someone outside is telling the story. The authoer is not always the person telling the story. There are two basic types of third person points of view
-Omniscient Third-person point of view which allows the narrator to relate the thoughts and feelings of all the characters.
-Limited omniscient Allows the narrator to relate the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
The Narrator Is the person or character who is telling the story.
Dialogue Refers to the conversation that goes on between characters in a story.
Tone Is the author's mood or feeling about a peice of writing. The author's tone may be serious, sarcastic, humorous, etc.
Theme Is the central message or main idea that is written about or dicussed.
Mood Is the feeling(s) a reader gets from a story: happy, sad, peaceful, etc.
Irony Is when you expect something to happen, but the opposite happens instead.
Foreshadowing The use of clues to suggest what is going to occur in a story.
Flashback Technique to tell the reader about something that happened earlier.
Created by: bmeg123
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