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CIT226 Server Ch 5

Chapter 5 - Resource Access

QuestionAnswer
attribute A characteristic associated with a folder or file used to help manage access.
auditing In Windows Server 2008, a security capability that tracks activity on an object, such as reading, writing, creating, or deleting a file in a folder.
compiler A program that reads lines of program code in a source file and converts the code into machine-language instructions the computer can execute.
DFS topology Applies to a domain-based DFS model and encompasses the DFS namespace root, shared folders, and replication folders.
Directory Service Client (DSCIient) Microsoft software for pre-Windows 2000 clients that connect to Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2008 and enables those clients to view information published in Active Directory.
discretionary access control list (DACL) An access control list that manages access to an object, such as a folder, and that is configured by a server administrator or owner of the object.
disk quota Allocating a specific amount of disk space to a user or application with the ability to ensure that the user or application cannot use more disk space than is specified in the allocation.
Distributed File System (DFS) A system that enables folders shared from multiple computers to appear as though they exist in one centralized hierarchy of folders instead of on many different computers.
domain-based DFS model A DFS model that uses Active Directory and is available only to servers and workstations that are members of a particular domain. DFS shared folders in the domain-based model can be replicated for fault tolerance and load balancing.
dynamic-link library (DLL) files A library of files containing program code that can be called and run by Windows applications (and with SUA, also used by UNIX/Linux applications). See Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications.
Encrypting File System (EFS) Set by an attribute of NTFS, enables a user to encrypt the contents of a folder or a file so that it can only be accessed via private key code by the user who encrypted it.
folder target A path in the Universal Naming Convention (UNC) format, such as to a DFS shared folder or to a different DFS path.
inherited permissions Permissions of a parent object that also apply to child objects of the parent, such as to subfolders within a folder.
load balancing On a single server, distributing resources across multiple server disk drives and paths for better server response; and on multiple network servers, distributing resources across two or more servers for better server and network performance.
namespace root The main container that holds DFS links to shared folders in a domain.
ownership Having the privilege to change permissions and to fully manipulate an object. The account that creates an object, such as a folder or printer, initially has ownership.
permissions In Windows Server 2008, privileges to access and manipulate resource objects, such as folders and printers; for example, the privilege to read a file or to create a new file.
publish Making an object, such as a printer or shared folder, available for users to access when they view Active Directory contents and so that the data associated with the object can be replicated.
replication group A grouping of shared folders in a DFS namespace root that are replicated or copied to all servers that participate in DFS replication.
Server for Network Information Services A service that Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA) can add to AD to make a Server 2008 server a Network Information Services server for coordinating management of user and groups between UNIX/Linux computers and Server 2008 servers on the same net
share permissions Permissions that apply to a particular object that is shared over a network, such as a shared folder or printer.
shell An interface between the user and the operating system.
stand-alone DFS model A DFS model in which no Active Directory implementation is available to help manage the shared folders. This model provides only a single or fl at level share.
Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA) A subsystem that can be installed in Windows Server 2008 for using UNIX and Linux commands, applications, and scripts.
system control ACL (SACL) An access control list that contains settings to audit the access to an object, such as a folder.
Universal Naming Convention (UNC) A naming convention that designates network servers, computers, and shared resources. The format for a UNC name is, for example, \\servername\namespace\folder\file.
Created by: Leisac