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bio 224 endocrine

endocrine system: glands, regions, cells, hormones, target organs

QuestionAnswer
pituitary Region: Adenohypophysis Cell: basophil Hormone: TSH (thyroid stim) Target Organ: thyroid gland
anterior pituitary Region: adenohypophysis Cell: basophil Hormone: AGTH Target Organ: kidney
anterior pituitary Region: adenohypophysis Cell: basophil Hormone: FSH Target Organ: ovary/testes
anterior pituitary Region: adenohypophysis Cell: basophil Hormone: LH Target Organ: ovary/testes
anterior pituitary Region: adenohypophysis Cell: acidophil Hormone: growth hormone Target Organ: growth of muscle, long bone
anterior pituitary Region: adenohypophysis Cell: acidophil Hormone: prolactin Target Organ: breast
posterior pituitary Region: neurohypophysis Cell: pituicytes Hormone: oxytocin Target Organ: uterus
posterior pituitary Region: neurohypophysis Cell: pituicytes Hormone: antidiuretic Target Organ: kidney
adrenal Region: zona glomerulosa Cell: adrenal cells (spherical cluster) Hormone: mineralocorticoid (aldosterone) Target Organ: kidney
adrenal Region: zona fusciculata Cell: adrenal cells (parallel chords) Hormone: glucocorticoids Target Organ: blood
adrenal Region: zona reticularis Cell: adrenal (stained branching) Hormone: sex hormones, glucocorticoids Target Organ: ovaries/testes
gonads Region: Cell: ova Hormone: estrogen Target Organ: uterus
gonads Region: Cell: ova Hormone: progesterone Target Organ: breasts
gonads Region: Cell: sperm Hormone: testosterone Target Organ: gonads
thymus Region: Cell: Hormone: thymosin Target Organ: white blood cells, t-cells
pineal gland Region: Cell: Hormone: melatonin Target Organ: reproductive system
pancreas Region: islets of Langerhans Cell: alpha cell Hormone: glucagon Target Organ: pancreas
pancreas REGION: islets of Langerhans CELL: beta cell HORMONE: insulin TARGET ORGAN: pancreas
thyroid REGION: CELL: follicular cells HORMONE: T3 and T4 TARGET ORGAN: every cell in the body
thyroid REGION: CELL: parafollicular cells, c-cells HORMONE: calcitonin TARGET ORGAN: bone
parathyroid REGION: CELL: chief cells HORMONE: PTH (parathyroid) TARGET ORGAN: bones
Created by: pammy7130