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Linux + Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Common Administrative Tasks

QuestionAnswer
the most common printing system used on Linux Computers. CUPS - Common Unix Printing System
a set of information sent to a printer at the same time. print job
the daemon responsible for printing in the CUPS printing system. cupsd (cups daemon)
a directory on the filesystem that holds print jobs that are waiting to be printed. print queue
If the printer is rejecting requests, the cups daemon prints an error message stating that the printer is not accepting jobs. True
the process of accepting print jobs into a print queue. spooling or queuing
the print queue for a printer. /var/spool/cups
a file that holds daemon configuration for the cups daemon. /etc/cups/cupsd.conf
the process of sending print jobs from a print queue to a printer. printing
the command used to view the contents of print queues and printer information in the CUPS printing system. lpstat command
the option that is used with lpstat to see a list of all printers on the system and their status. -t (total) option
the command used to allow print jobs to leave the print queue. cupsenable command
the command used to force a printer to reject jobs from entering the print queue. cupsreject command
the command used to prevent print jobs from leaving the print queue. cupsdisable command
the command used to allow a printer to accept jobs into the print queue. cupsaccept command
the option used with cupsdisable or cupsreject commands to identify a reason for the action. -r option
which option is used with the lp command to specify the destination printer name. -d option
lp specifies a certain print job ID to modify. -i print job ID
prints a certain number of copies, where number can be any number lp -n number
mails you confirmation of print job completion lp -m
specifies certain printing options -o option
specifies a print job priority from 1 (low priority) to 100 (high priority) -q option
Specifies a print job priority from 1 (low) to 100 (high). By default, all print jobs have a priority of 50. -p option
How to print a list of logged-in users with the lp command? who | lp -d printer1
the command used to remove a print job that is in the print queue in the CUPS print system cancel command
shows whether the cups daemon (scheduler) is running -r option
the command used to perform printer administration in the CUPS printing system lpadmin
a printing system typically used on legacy Linux computers LPD - Line Printer Daemon
the command used to create print documents in the print queue in the LPD printing system lpr command
the command used to view the status of and control printers in the LPD printing system lpc command
the command used to view the contents of print queues in the LPD printing system lpq command
the command used to remove print jobs from the print queue in the LPD printing system lprm command
the command used to create print jobs in the print queue in the CUPS printing system lp command
the file that contains settings for cupsd /etc/cups/cupsd.conf
the file that contains the configuration information for each printer installed on the system /etc/cups/printers.conf
What are the two files that contain default values for user creation? /etc/default/useradd; /etc/login.defs
the file that contains user account information /etc/passwd
the file that contains the encrypted password as well as password and account expiry parameters for each user account /etc/shadow
a directory that contains files that are copied to all new users' home directories upon creation /etc/skel
the file that specifies the events for which the System Log Daemon listens and the log files to which it saves the events /etc/syslog.conf
a directory that contains most log files on a Linux system /var/log
the command used to remove print jobs from the print queue in the CUPS print system cancel command
the command used to allow a printer to accept jobs into the print queue cupsaccept command
the command used to prevent jobs from leaving the print queue cupsdisable
the command used to allow print jobs to leave the print queue cupsenable
the command used to force a printer to reject jobs from entering the print queue cupsreject
the area of the system from which information is gathered when logging system events facility
the field in the /etc/passwd file that contains a description of the user account General Electric Comprehensive Operating System (GECOS)
a unique number given to each group GID - Group Identifier
a log file containing information about the Linux system log file
the command used to perform printer administration in the CUPS printing system lpadmin command
the information sent to a printer for printing print job
a unique numeric identifier used to mark and distinguish each print job print job ID
a directory on the filesystem that holds print jobs that are waiting to be printed print queue
a template that can be used to apply settings to printers on a CUPS system printer class
a graphical utility used to configure printers on the system Printer Configuration tool
the importance of system information when logging system events priority
the process of accepting a print job into a print queue spooling or queuing
the daemon that logs system events to various logfiles via information stored in /etc/rsyslog.conf System Log Daemon (rsyslogd)
a naming convention that identifies hardware and software components using a two-part name that consists of a type followed by an identifier Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
a unique number assigned to each user account User Identifier (UID)
a file that contains default values for user creation, such as e-mail, password expiration information, minimum password length, and the range of UIDs and GIDs available for use. /etc/login.defs
the command used to add a user account to the system useradd command
the file containing information regarding the default primary group, the location of home directories, the default number of days to disable accounts with expired passwords, the date to disable user accounts, the shell used, & the skeleton directory used /etc/default/useradd
a directory that contains files that are copied to all new users' home directories upon creation /etc/skel
a printer that accepts print jobs into the print queue accepting printer
the command used to modify the password associated with a user account password command
the command used to modify the properties of a user account on the system usermod command
the command used to change the GECOS for a user chfn command
the option that specifies a new description for the user in the GECOS field of etc/passwd usermod -c "description"
the option that specifies a new login name usermod -l name
the command used to modify password expiry information for user accounts chage command
the file that contains group definitions and memberships /etc/group
the command used to remove a user account from the system userdel command
the information regarding a user that is stored in a system database (/etc/passwd and /etc/shadow), which can be used to log in to the system and gain access to system resources user account
the command used to add a group to the system groupadd command
the command used to delete a group from the system groupdel command
the easiest way to add groups to a system edit the /etc/group file using a text editor
the option that specifies a new primary group for the user account usermod -g group
the option that specifies a new UID for the user account usermod -u UID
to make an account temporarily unusable by altering the password information for it stored on the system lock an account
the option used to lock an account usermod -L username, which places a ! character at the beginning of the encrypted password field in the /etc/shadow file
the option used to unlock an account usermod -U username, which removes the ! character
an alternative way to lock a user account passwd -l username, places two !! characters at the beginning of the encrypted password field in the /etc/shadow file
an alternative way to unlock a user account passwd -u username, which removes the two !! characters
the command used to rotate log files logrotate command - typically uses the configuration information stored in /etc/logrotate.conf
the command that lists UIDs for a user and the GIDs for the groups that the same user belongs to id command
the command that lists group membership for a user groups command
the command used to modify the name or GID of a group on the system groupmod command
the command used to change temporarily the primary group of a user newgrp command
the group that is specified for a user in the /etc/passwd file and that is specified as group owner for all files created by a user primary group
the command used to enable the use of the /etc/shadow file pwconv command
the command used to disable the use of the /etc/shadow file pwunconv command
a unique numeric identifier used to mark and distinguish each print job print job ID
a printer that does not accept print jobs into the print queue rejecting printer
a directory that contains files that are copied to all new users' home directories upon creation skeleton directory
the default skeleton directory on Linux systems /etc/skel
Created by: 1592245141