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Special Senses pt2

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis) also called adrenocorticotropin. ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary glad (neurohypophysis). ADH (vasopressin) increase reabsorption of water by the kidney.
Parathormone (PTH) Secreted by parathyroid glads; increase blood calcium
Goiter Enlargement of the thyroid gland
Graves disease Autoimmune process. Overactivity of the thyroid gland Hyper / thyroid gland; thyroxine
Acromegaly Enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of the anterior pituitary after puberty Hyper / adenohypophysis; GH
Cushing syndrome Elevated plasma levels of cortisol (steroids) Hyper / adrenal cortex: cortisol
Diabetes insipidus (DI) Inssuficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) reflecting the condition of dilute urine
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Reflecting the sugar content in the urine Hypo / pancreas; insulin
ACTH Adrenocortictropic hormone
ADH Antidiuretic hormone - vasopressin
Endemic goiter Hypo / thyroid gland; thyroxine
GTT Glucose tolerance test - measure ability to respond to a glucose load; a test for diabetes
Na+ sodium- an important electrolyte
OT oxytocin
PTH Parathyroid hormone
RAI radioactive iodine - treatment for Graves disease
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine - tetraiodothyronine
TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone - secreted byt the anterior pituitary gland
Cretinism Hypo / thyroid gland; thyroxine
Myxedema Hypo / thyroid; thyroxine
tetany Constant muscle contractions Hypo / parathyroid gland/ hormone
Hyponatremia deficient sodium in the blood
Polydipsia condition of excessive thirst
Hyperkalemia excessive potassium in the blood
hypercalcemia excessive calcium in the blood
Euthyroid Normal thyroid function
ketoacidosis condition of excessive ketones in the blood
Created by: Lacey0720