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CIT226 Ch 3

Ch 3 - Config Win Server 2008 Environment

QuestionAnswer
Data Execution Prevention (DEP) A security feature that monitors how programs use memory and stops programs that attempt to use memory allocated for system programs and processes. This is intended to foil viruses, Trojan horses, and worms that attempt to invade system memory.
driver signing A digital signature incorporated into driver and system files as a way to verify the files and to ensure that they are not inappropriately overwritten.
hive A set of related Registry keys and subkeys stored as a file.
interrupt request (IRQ) line A hardware line that a computer component, such as a disk drive or serial port, uses to communicate to the processor that it is ready to send or receive information. Intel-based computers have 16 IRQ lines, with 15 available for computer components to use
I/O address The address in memory through which data is transferred between a computer component and the processor.
Microsoft Virtual Network Switch Protocol Used with the Hyper-V role at the server’s network interface card(s) (NICs) to bind or associate the virtual network services to the NIC and enable the use of a virtual switch between the parent partition containing the main operating system, Windows Serv
paging Moving blocks of information, called pages, from RAM to virtual memory (the paging file) on disk.
paging file Disk space, in the form of a file, for use when memory requirements exceed the available RAM.
Plug and Play (PnP) Ability of added computer hardware, such as an adapter or modem, to identify itself to the computer operating system for installation. Many operating systems, such as Windows-based, Macintosh, and UNIX/Linux support PnP.
Registry entry A data parameter in the Registry stored as a value in hexadecimal, binary, or text format.
Registry key A category of information contained in the Windows Registry, such as hardware or software.
Registry subkey A key within a Registry key, similar to a subfolder under a folder.
Reliable Multicast Protocol Used on Windows-based networks to facilitate multicast transmissions for multimedia communications.
resource On a network, this refers to an object, such as a shared printer or shared directory, which can be accessed by users.
root key Also called a subtree, the highest category of data contained in the Registry. There are five root keys.
Security Configuration Wizard (SCW) A configuration tool that creates or modifies security policies for Windows Server 2008 servers.
Sigverif A tool used to verify system and other critical files to determine if they have a signature.
subtree Same as root key.
system environment variables Variables defined by the operating system and that apply to any user logged onto the computer.
Universal PnP (UPnP) A supplementation to PnP that enables automated configuration for devices connected through a network.
user environment variables Environment variables that are defined on a per-user basis.
virtual memory Disk storage allocated to link with physical RAM to temporarily hold data when there is not enough free RAM.
Created by: Leisac