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CIT226 Ch 2 Install

Ch 2 - Installing Windows Server 2008

QuestionAnswer
basic input/output system (BIOS) A program on a read-only or flash memory chip that establishes basic communication with components such as the monitor and disk drives. The advantage of a flash chip is that you can update the BIOS.
client access license (CAL) A license to enable a workstation to access a Windows server.
COM+ An enhancement to COM that enables publishing and subscriber services for applications, load balancing, and other services.
Component Object Model (COM) A set of standards for building software from individual objects or components; COM provides the basis for Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) and ActiveX, for example.
digital certificate A set of unique identification information that is typically put at the end of a file, or that is associated with a computer communication. Its purpose is to show that the source of the file or communication is legitimate.
Distributed File System (DFS) A system that enables folders shared from multiple computers to appear as though they exist in one centralized hierarchy of folders instead of on many different computers.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) A TCP/IP application protocol that transfers files in bulk data streams and that is commonly used on the Internet.
hard link Enables you to create one file and then establish links to that file in other folders, as though the file is in all of the folders.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) A protocol in the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to transport Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) documents and other data transmissions over networks and the Internet for access by Web-compliant browsers.
journaling The process of keeping chronological records of data or transactions so that if a system crashes without warning, the data or transactions can be reconstructed or backed out to avoid data loss or information that is not properly synchronized.
New Technology File System (NTFS) File system that is native to Windows Server systems and that supports features such as security, compression, disk quotas, encryption, self-healing from disk damage, and others.
portable operating system interface (POSIX) Standards set by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for portability of applications.
Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) An environment in which a client computer has software or hardware to enable its network interface card to connect to the network and communicate with a server without having to first boot from an operating system on the client’s hard disk.
redundant array of inexpensive (or independent) disks (RAID) A set of standards designed to extend the life of hard disk drives and to prevent data loss from a hard disk failure.
service pack (SP) A major update for an operating system that includes fixes for known problems and provides product enhancements.
shared directory A directory on a networked computer that other computers on the network can access.
terminal A device that consists of a monitor and keyboard to communicate with host computers that run the programs. The terminal does not have a processor to use for running programs locally.
Windows Deployment Services (WDS) Services in Windows Server 2008 that enable Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 (and certain other Windows operating systems) to be installed on multiple computers using automated techniques.
Windows Server Catalog of Tested Products A list of computer hardware and software tested by Microsoft and determined to be compatible with a specific Windows Server operating system, such as Windows Server 2008.
Created by: Leisac