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pivotpoint chapter#9

sculpture chapter#9 pivotpoint

abstract theorectical; not of concrete substance
adaptable to adjust or fit to the individual's anatomical structure,growth patterns, hair density and lifestyle
anatomy the science of bodily structure
asymmetry lack of symmetry
balance equilibrium of design elements; harmonious positioning of parts around a center axis.
blend to meet or join both lines and textures can be blended or not blended in hair sculpture
Celestial Axis a two-dimensional measurement system that identifies levels of space that surrounds the head
lines horizontal,vertical,diagonal right, diagonal left
angles o degrees, 45 degrees, 90 degrees
direction upward, downward, forward, backward, left, right
clipper-over-comb a sculpting technique that achieves closeness to the head. A comb is used as a guide to hold the lengths while the hair protruding over the comb is sculpted with the clippers
comb control sculpting technique in which the teeth of the comb, as opposed to the fingers hold the hair in position while sculpting; places minimal tension on the hair
component an element; a simple part of elements to form a whole
concave curved like the interior of a sphere
concept a general idea or understanding especially one derived from specific instances or occurrences
converge to come together toward a common point
conversion layering the primary sculpting technique used in increase layering. Hair is directed to a stationary design line opposite the area of the desired length increase
convex having a surface that curves outward like the exterior of a sphere
Crest Area the widest part around the head it divides the interior from the exterior
interior the area of the head above the crest
exterior the area of the head below the crest
cross-check a final stage in sculpting in which the accuracy of the sculpture is checked by using the line opposite the original sculpting pattern
curvilinear characterized by curved lines
density the degree to which any area is occupied the amount of hair per square centimeter
design an arrangement of shaped, lines and ornamental effects that creates an artistic unit
design decision the determination made through proper consultation with the client in regard to the end result of the hair design
Design Element major components of an art form in hair design they are form, texture, and color
Form a three-dimensional representation of shape
Texture the quality of a surface influenced by sculpting techniques and curl patterns
Color the visual effect achieved when light reflects off a given object
Design Line the artistic pattern or length guide used while sculpting it can be mobile or stationary
Mobile Design Line a length guide used in sculpting that moves throughout a given component area of the sculpture and serves as a design line to follow in creating the form
stationary design line a constant stable design line lengths are directed to this line in order to create a lengths are directed to this line in order to create a length increase in the opposite direction
Design principles arrangements or patterns for design elements to follow
alternation sequential repetition
contrast a desirable relationship of opposites, which creates variety and stimulates interest in a design
progression a succession of lengths that increases or decreases by proportional steps
repetition of identical nature throughout a unit identical in all ways except position
diagonal a line with a slanted or sloping direction
diagonal back a diagnonal line that travels away from the face resulting in a backward flow of hair
diagonal forward a diagonal line that travels toward the face
diagnonal left a diagnonal line that travels to the left
diagnonal right a diagonal line that travels to the right
direction the path taken by a line or plane
distribution the direction the hair is combed in relation to its base partings there are four types of distribution: directional, natural, perpendicular and shifted
directional the hair is combed straight up or straight out from the curve of the head
natural the direction the hair assumes in relation to its natural growth patterns
perpendicular the direction hair assumes when it is combed at a 90 degree angle to its base parting
shifted the direction hair assumes when it is combed out of natural distribution in any direction but perpendicular to its base parting. shifting is primarly used for extreme lengths increases and blending in activated forms
fade a sculpting technique in which the eye and hand are the only means of control
form line the outline or outer boundary of a form
freehand sculpting technique in which the eye and hand are the only means of control
fringe hair that partially or completely covers the forehead in a design the fringe is one of the most variable portions of a style
gradated a progression of shorter lengths toward the top of the head creating an activated surface
graduated texture a progression of lengths in which the ends of the hair appear to stack upon one another it creates a combination of unactivated and activated sculpted texture
Graduation the sculpting technique that produces a stacked effect in hair
decreasing graduation graduation within two nonparallel lines; diminishes as it moves back from the face
increasing graduation graduation within two nonparallel lines; it increases as it moves back away from the face
parallel graduation graduation within two parallel lines for an equally graduated effect throughout a given area
Horizontal near, on or parallel to the horizon
layered texture texture in which the ends of the hair are most visible there are two types of layered textured : uniformly layered and increase layered
line a series of points
line of inclination the angle at which graduation progresses in length the three basic types are low, medium, and high
mass the quantity of matter in any given body
multiple design lines two or more stationary design lines used with a conversion layering technique to achieve increase-layered texture
natural fall the natural position the hair assumes due to gravitational pull
nonparallel sculpting angling your fingers in any direction other than parallel to your base parting while sculpting
normal projection hair held uniformly at 90 degrees in relation to the position of the head normal projection views are used to analyze the structure of a sculpture of a sculpture it is also the projection angle at which uniform layering is performed
one-finger projection a projection angle equal to the width of one finger
parallel a line or point on a line that maintains an equal distance from another line or point
parallel sculpting a technique in which a section is sculpted parallel to its base parting
perimeter circumference border or outer boundary the hair around the hairline
pivotal parting a parting pattern that radiates from a central point and conforms to the curve of the head allows easy sculpting around the crown creates triangular sections
planar sculpting a technique in which the lengths are sculpted along a plane
plane a surface containing every line connecting any two points lying within it any flat or level surface
project to extend forward or out
projection the angle the hair is held in relation to the curve of the head while sculpting
zero flat to the surface of the head
natural fall the position the hair assumes due to gravitational pull this may be 0degrees in some of the head
high above 60degrees or below 90degrees
medium above 30degrees or below 60degrees
low above 0degrees or below 30degrees
proportion the relationship between things or parts of things in respect to comparative magnitude quantity or degree
qualitative analysis to list all the parts of a whole
quantitative analysis determining the amount of each part and the proportion of the parts to the whole
razor etching a razor sculpting technique in which lenth is removed with a short razor stroke performed on the ends of the hair
rectinlinear characterized by straight lines usually more adaptable to men because straight lines are considered more masculine than curved lines square forms are considered rectilinear
ridge line the line that divides two textures in graduated forms
seven sculpting procedures sequential steps used to perform a hair sculpture
sectioning dividing the head into workable areas for control
head position the position of the clients head while sculpting
parting lines that subdivide the sections to separate distribute and control in relation to its base parting
projection the angle at which the hair is held while sculpting
finger/shear position the finger position and the sculpted line in relation to the parting pattern
design line the artistic pattern or length guide used while sculpting it can be stationary or mobile
shape the contour of an object in hair sculpture shape implies two dimensions
shear-over-comb a sculpting technique that achieves closeness to the head a comb is used as a guide to hold the lengths in position for sculpting the angle of the comb determines the amount of length removed
silhouette the outer contour of an object or design
slide cutting sculpting technique in which the shank of the shears slides along the strand to remove length vertically often used when rapid length increases are desired
space a coninuum in three dimensions distance extending without limit in all directions
structure the arrangement of lengths across the curve of the head
structure graphic a diagram that represents the proportional relationship of the lengths within a sculpture as they occur across the curve of the head this graphic serves as a blueprint for the final sculpture the structure graphics that identify the length arrangements
solid form a lenth progression that increases toward the top of the head with all lengths falling to the same level in natural fall produces an unactivated sculpted texture it is color-coded blue
graduated form a form in which the lengths gradually become longer toward the interior in natural fall the ends stack above one another produces an unactivated and activated sculpture texture it is color-coded yellow
gradated form (gradation) a very short graduated form that gradually progresses in length toward the top of the head produces an activated sculpted texture it is color-coded yellow
increased-layered form a form in which lengths becom progressively linger toward the exterior produces an activated sculpted texture it is color coded red
uniformly layered form a form in which all lengths are equal produces an activated sculpted texture it is color coded green
combination form a form in which two or more basic forms are combined by using different techniques or by sculpting along a plane
planar form a combination form that is the result of sculpting along horizontal and/or vertical planes multiple forms occur automatically due to the curves of the head short planar forms are also called square forms
surface the outer or the topmost boundary of an object the boundary of any three dimensional figure
symmetrical a balanced or harmonious arrangement
symmetry having equal sides or parts
tapering shears a tool used for irregular removal of lengths within a form one blade is straight and the other is serrated these shears include taper 8(teeth are spaced 1/8" apart),taper 16 (teeth are spaced 1/16 apart) and taper 32 (teeth are spaced 1/32" apart).
tension the art of stretching or the condition of being stretched
texture the quality of a surface influenced by sculpting techniques and curl patterns may be unactivated activated or a combination
sculpted texture texture achieved through sculpting
unactivated a smooth surface in which the ends are not visible
activated a rough hair surface in which the ends are visible
combination unactivated and activated surface
texturizing sculpting at the perimeter or within the form to achieve textural qualities desigh mobility or expansion
contour tapering texturizing technique that reduces hair density to achieve a degree of closeness within a form
expansion tapering texturizing technique that produces volume through sculpting shorter lengths which then support the longer ones within a form
form line tapering texturizing technique that reduces the concentration of bulk or weight at the ends encouraging mobility
notching technique used to create irregular lengths usually for a chunkier texture at the hair ends
pointing a texturizing technique in which the tips of straight shears are moved from the fingers toward the ends
razor rotation a texturizing technique in which a comb and razor are rotated with light pressure in a circular motion to reduce bulk and blend the form
slicing a texturizing technique in which the open shears glide along the surface of the hair to achieve mobility
three-dimensional having length width and width(flat)
uniformly layered texture a totally activated surface created by uniform length throughout
vertical upright perpendicular to the horizon
volume mass or fullness
weight mass in form and space also the lenth concentration in a hair design
weight area the area within a sculpture where there is a concentration of longer lengths
zone intervals of 2"(5cm) that echo out in space from the curve of the head and are used to analyze hair lengths
Created by: arlenebermudez
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