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A&P Urinary

Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
What system produces waste products? The Urinary System
________ acts on blood forming tissue in the spleen. Erythropoietin
________ is blood plasma moving from glomerulous to the Bowman capsule. Filtration
Glucose in the urine also known as _______ is a well-known sign of diabetes mellitus, which is also a railure to reabsorption. Glycosuria
______ is the process by which substances move into the urine in the distal and collecting tubules. Secretion
_______ _______ is released from the pituitary gland Antidiuretic Hormone
_____ and ________ decreases the amount of urine. ADH and Aldosterone
_________ ________ ______ or ANH increases urine volume. Atrial Natriuretic Hormone
________ is usally a large amount of urine. Polyuria
Someone with ______ produces more urine that someone with anuria Oliguria
_______ are tubes that carry urine out of the kidneys Ureters
________ _______ is pain caused by the passage of a kidney stone. Renal Colic
________ can be used to detect diabetes mellitis. Urinalysis
_______ ______ is used to determine whether there are casts in the urine. Microscopic Analysis
_______ is a tube that carries urine out of the body. Urethra
The _______ _______ is 4 cm (1 1/2 inches) long in a woman, but it is about 20 cm (8 inches) long in a man. Urethra tube
The two _______ muscles regulate urination. Sphincter
The internal ________ _________ is involuntary and the external ________ _______ is voluntary. Urethral Sphincter (same answer for both internal and exteral)
Chronic Renal Failure Stage 1 has _______ ______ No Symptoms
Chronic Renal Failure Stage 2 has _______ _______ Symptoms begins
Renal Calculi can cause Renal Colic and _________ Hydronephrosis
Renal Calculi is an obstruction in the _______ system Urinary
________ is used to describe pathological swelling or enlargement of the renal pelvis and calyces caused by blockage of urine outflow. Hydronephrosis
How can urinary retention be treated? With a Catheter
______ refers to involentary voidingor loss of urine in an older child or adult. Incontinence
_______ ______ is when urine is produced but cannot be voided. Urinary Retention
______ ______ is when urine is not produced. Urinary Suppression
______ is a term that refers to an inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis
_______ is a general term refering to kidney disease, especially inflammatory conditions Nephritis
________ results from damage to the glomerular-capsular membrane and can be cause by immune mechanisms, heredity, or bacterial infections. Glomerulonephritis
________ ________ is symptoms due to loss of proteins in the blood. Nephrotic Syndrome
______ _______ means that both the total volume and distribution of wter in the body remain normal and relatively constant. Fluid Balance
_______ are substances such as salts that dissolve or break apart in water solution. Electrolytes
Because they have the smallest amount of water in the body, ______ are at the most risk for dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea. Infants
What are the 3 sources of water loss in the body? (3 organs) Kidneys, Lungs, and Skin
_______ _______ (______), ________, and ______ ______ ______ (______) all play a role in fluid regulation. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH), Aldosterone, and Atrial Natriuretic Hormone(ANH)
_________ dissociate into ions when in water. Electrolytes
______ is a positively charged Ion, with the greatest concentration in the blood. Sodium
The volume of IF soon reaches abnormal levels a condition called ______ results in tissue swelling on the lower limbs. Edema
_______ ______ is used to describe depressions in swollen subcutaneous tissue that do not rapidly refill after an examiner has exerted finger pressure. Pitting Edema
Loss of skin elasticity is a clinical sign of __________. (Skin remains tented when pinched) Dehydration
_________ can occur when intravenous fluids are infused too rapidly. Overhydration
_______ refers to a lower than normal blood potassium level Hypokalemia
_______ occurs when blood sodium level is below normal (136 mEq/L) Hyponatremia
________ describes potassium levels that are above normal in the blood. (5.1 mEq/L) Hyperkalemia
_________ decreases neuromuscular irritability resulting in fatigue, muscle weakness, diminished reflexes. Hypercalcemia
________ results from dietary that is lower than normal blood calcium levels Hypocalcemia
A pH of __#__ is a solution that contains equal concentration of hydrogen and hydroxide ions. 7.0 is NEUTRAL
A pH that is higher than 7.0 indicates an ________ solution. This has more OH ions than H+ or H Positive ions. Alkaline
A pH lower than 7.0 indicates an _______ solution. Acid
A solution with a pH of 5is considered an______ Acid
Body fluid that has the highest pH is ______ ______ Arterial Blood
Body fluid that has the lowers pH is _______ _____. Gastric Juice or Stomach Acid
Blood in the _______ _______ has a higher pH than blood in the Superior Vena Cava. Pulmonary Artery
_______ are chemical substances that prevent a sharp change in the pH of a fluid when acid or base is added to it. Buffers
Blood leaving the lungs has a _____ concentration of CO2 than blood entering the lungs. Lower
Metabolic ________ is a bicarbonate deficit. Acidosis
Metabolic ________ is bicarbonate excessive and is caused by Cushing Syndrome Alkalosis
Respiratory _______ is caused by carbonic acid access which is caused by a sustained drop in breathing rate. Acidosis
Respiratory ______ is a H2CO3 (Carbonic Acid) deficit. Alkalosis
A prolonged period on uncontrolled ______ diabetes, would have the same effect of a depressed breathing rate. Diabetes
Created by: asanderd