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SRGT Ch7 Terminology

Male Reproductive System Ch7 Terminology

Route of sperm: Testes - Vas deferens - Seminal vesicle - Ejaculatory duct - Urethra - Urinary meatus
gonad (gonad/o) testis
testis (test/o, testicul/o, orchid/o, orchi/o) -male gonads -paired organ that produce gametes (spermatoza)
testosterone male sex hormone responsible for the growth and development of male sex characteristics
gamete semen (semin/i) spermatozoon/spermatozoa (spermat/o)
seminiferous tubules spermatogenesis
scrotum (scrot/o) testes are suspended in the scrotum
epididymis (epididym/o) store spermatozoa
vas deferens (vas/o, duct/o) sperm leave the epididymis and travel through the right and left vas deferens during ejaculation
spermatic cord includes the vas deferens, arteries, veins and nerves
penis (pen/i, phall/o)
glans penis (balan/o)
prepuce (preputi/o) foreskin
seminal vesicle (vesicul/o) glands that provide fluid to nourish sperm
intercourse -sexual intercourse -coitus -copulation
Anorchism without testicle -may be congenital or acquired as result of trauma or disease
Cryptorchidism/cryptorchism hidden testes -testicle fails to descend into the scrotum before birth
Epispadias urethral opening on the dorsum (top) of the penis
Hypospadias urethral opening on the ventral (bottom) of the penis
Phimosis tightening of the prepuce around the glans penis so that the foreskin cannot be retracted
Aspermia without sperm
Azoospermia condition of no living sperm in the semen
Oligospermia condition of temporary or permanent deficiency of sperm in the seminal fluid
Hydrocele accumulation of fluid in the tunica vaginalis testis (serous covering)
Varicocele abnormal dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord; can lead to infertility
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
Orchitis inflammation of the testicles (may be associated with mumps)
Prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
Balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
Testicular torsion twisting of a testicle on its spermatic cord, usually caused by trauma
Gynecomastia enlargement of breast tissue in the male
Erectile dysfunction (ED) impotence
Priapism an abnormally prolonged erection
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or Hypertrophy (BPH) abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland surrounding the urethra, leading to difficulty with urination
Herpes genitalis (HSV-2) form of the herpes virus transmitted through sexual contact, causing recurring painful vesicular eruptions
Human papillomavirus (HPV) virus that causes common warts of the hands and feet and lesions of the mucous membranes of the oral, anal and genital cavities.
condyloma genital wart
NGU nongonococcal urethritis -inflammation of the urethra caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
Gram-negative bacteria? gonorrhea
GCT germ cell tumors (malignant neoplasms) -seminoma (develops from the cells that form sperm) -nonseminoma (accounts for majority of testicular cancer cases usually between ages 15-35)
DRE digital rectal exam
PSA prostate specific antigens
Orchidectomy removal of one or both testicles
Orchiopexy surgical procedure to mobilize an descended testicle, attaching it to scrotum
Circumcision surgical procedure in which the prepuce (foreskin) of the penis is excised
Castration removal of both gonads in the male or the female
Vasectomy ligation of both of the vas deferens for the purpose of male sterilization
Vasovasostomy reanastamosis of vas deferens to reverse a vasectomy
Prostatectomy removal of the prostate gland
Ablation removal of tissue by surgery, chemical destruction, cryoprobe, electrocautery or radiofrequency energy
Bx biopsy
STD sexually transmitted disease
VD venereal disease
Crypt- hidden
preputi/o prepuce
-spadias tear
gon/o seed
-rrhea flow, discharge
hydr/o water, fluid
zo/o life
terat/o monster
-pexy fixation
FTA-ABS fluorescent treponemal antibody test (diagnosing syphilis)
Created by: alyseg
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