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SRGT Ch4 Terminology

Integumentary System Ch4 Terminology

QuestionAnswer
Prefixes: Anti- against
Prefixes: Epi- top
Prefixes: Hyper- excessive;above
Prefixes: Intra- inside;within
Prefixes: Sub- under
Prefixes: Trans- through
Suffixes: -ectomy removal;excision
Suffixes: -itis inflammation
Suffixes: -oma tumor;mass
Suffixes: -osis abnormal condition
Suffixes: -plasty surgical repair
Suffixes: -ule small;diminutive
Combining forms: cutane/o, dermat/o, derm/o skin
Combining forms: follicul/o follicle
Combining forms: hidr/o sweat
Combining forms: kerat/o hard;horny
Combining forms: myc/o fungus
Combining forms: onych/o, ungu/o nail
Combining forms: seb/o subum,oil
Combining forms: trich/o hair
Combining forms: aden/o gland
Combining forms: hidraden/o sudoriferous gland
Layers of the Skin... (strata) -Epidermis (outer layer-avascular) -Dermis/corium (inner layer) -Hypodermis/subcutaneous layer (layer of connective tissue mainly adipose/fat)
Composition of epidermis... Stratified squamous (squam/o) epithelium -Basal (bas/o)layer: stratum germinativum -Stratum comeum (come/o)
Epidermis: Keratinocytes Keratin
Epidermis: Melanocytes Melanin (pigment produced to protect from uv light)
Dermis composed of... vascular connective tissue
Structures of dermis: -blood and lyphatic vessels -nerves -hair follicles -sebaceous (oil that helps to lubricate hair) -sudoriferous glands (sweat glands)
Hair structure: Follicles -shaft -papilla
Nail structures: -Nail body -Nail root -Nail bed -Lunula (white 'half moon' at base of nail) -Eponychium (cuticle)
Primary lesion early skin changes that have not yet undergone natural evolution of change caused by manipulation
Secondary lesion result of natural evolution or manipulation of a primary lesion
Primary lesions: Cysts nodule filled with a semisolid material
Primary lesions: Nodules palpable, solid lesion, LESS than 2 cm
Primary lesions: Tumors nodule MORE than 2 cm
Primary lesions: Hematomas blood trapped in the tissue and palpable to the exterior
Primary lesions: Petechia tiny bruises within the dermal layer
Primary lesions: Ecchymosis hemorrhage or extravasation (leaking) of blood into the subcutaneous tissue (BRUISE)
Primary lesions: Purpura massive hemorrhage into the tissues under the skin
Primary lesions: Macules flat blemish or discoloration less than 1 cm, such as a freckle, portwine stain or tattoo
Primary lesions: Papules raised solid skin lesion less than 1 cm such as a pimple
Primary lesions: Wheals elevated papule caused by localized swelling, which can result from a bug bite or allergic reactions (urticaria or hives)
Primary lesions: Vesicles/bullae blister,bulla
Primary lesions: Pustules superficial elevated lesion containing of an infection such as acne
Secondary lesions: Atrophy wasted skin often occurring in the aged or as stretch marks from rapid weight gain
Secondary lesions: Cicatrix scar
Secondary lesions: Keloid scar that is an overgrowth of tissue at the site of injury
Secondary lesions: Eschar scab
Secondary lesions: Fissure cracklike lesion of the skin such as an anal fissure
Secondary lesions: Ulcer craterlike lesion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting from necrosis (tissue death)
Pruritus itch
Suffixes: -rrheic pertaining to discharge
Candidiasis yeast infection
Dermatomycoses fungal infection of the skin
Tinea capitis-scalp corporis-ringworm cruris-jock itch pedis-athlete's foot
Pediculosis head lice
Scabies parasitic infestation caused by mites
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) HSV-1: cold sores HSV-2: genital herpes
Herpes zoster shingles
Alopecia hair loss;balding
Hypertrichosis excess of hair
Verruca warts
Ichthyosis dry skin that has the scaly appearance of a fish (Xeroderma)
Xer/o dry
Albinism lack of melaninproduction
Vitiligo irregular patches of various sizes lacking pigment
Chrom/o color
Anhidrosis little or no sweat
Hidradenitis inflammation of the sweat glands
Hyperhidrosis excessive perspiration
Miliaria minute vesicles and papules often with surrounding erythema (redness of the skin)caused by occlusion of sweat ducts during times of exposure to heat and high humidity
Onychia (Onychitis) inflammation of fingernail
Onychocryptosis ingrown toenail
Onychomycosis nail fungus
Degrees of burns First - epidermis (superficial thickness) Second- epidermis and part of dermis (partial thickness) Third- epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous (full thickness) Fourth- beyond into the muscle and bone (deep full thickness)
Rule of nines Head and Neck - 9% Arms, hands, shoulders - 18% Front and back torso - 36% Genital area - 1% Each lower limb - 9%
Angioma Hemangioma - localized vascular lesion
Lipoma fatty tumor that is a soft movable, subcutaneous nodule
Nevus Mole
Acrochorons skin tags
Dysplastic = ABCD A-asymmetry B-Borders,irregular C-Colors,changes or uneven pigmentation D-Diameter, increasing size or >6 mm
Malignant Neoplasms: Basal cell carcinoma (BCCA) most common form of skin cancer (result from sun exposure)
Malignant Neoplasms: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) second most common skin cancer (sun exposure but grows slower)
Malignant Neoplasms: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) rare form of skin cancer that takes the form of red//blue/brown/purple nodules, usually on the extremeties (AIDS pts)
Excisional biopsy entire tumor removed with borders as a means of diagnosis and treatment
Exfoliation scraping or shaving off
Incisional biopsy cutting into;excise a wedge of tissue
Needle aspiration aspiration of fluid from lesions using a syringe
Punch biopsy punch is inserted through to the subcutaneous tissue; tissue is cut off at the base
Dermatome instrument used to remove split-skin grafts
Autograft self
Allograft donor
Xenograft animal
Flap graft section of skin transferred from one location to an immediately adjacent one. (skin graft)
Split-thickness skin graft (STSG) skin graft in which the epidermis and parts of the dermis are used
Full-thickness skin graft (FTSG) free skin graft in which full portions of both the epidermis and the dermis are used
Cauterization destruction of tissue by burning with heat
cryosurgery destruction of tissue through use of extreme cold, usually liquid nitrogen
Curettage scraping of material from wall of a cavity or other surface to obtain tissue for microscopic examination
Debridement first step in wound treatment, involving removal of dirt, FB, damaged tissue and cellular debris from the wound or burn to prevent infection and to promote healing
Escharotomy surgical incision into necrotic tissue resulting from a severe burn
Incision & Drainage cutting open and removing the contents of a wound, cyst or other lesion
Blepharaoplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
Dermabrasion surgical procedure to resurface the skin; used to remove acne scars, nevi, wrinkles and tattoos
Dermatoplaty transplant of living skin to correct effects of injury, operation or disease
Lipectomy removal of fatty tissue
Liposuction technique for removing adipose tissue with a suction pump device
Rhytidectomy (face lift) surgical operation to remove wrinkle
Routes of Administration: Hypodermic (H) under the skin
Routes of Administration: Intradermal (ID) within the dermis
Routes of Administration: Subcutaneous injection into the fat layer beneath the skin
Routes of Administration: Topical drug applied directly onto the skin as a cream, gel, lotion or ointment
Transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) transdermal patch (nitroglycerin for angina)
Pharmacology: Anesthetics reduce pain and discomfort (lidocaine and solarcaine)
Pharmacology: Antibacterials prevent and treat bacterial growth
Pharmacology: Antifungals attack fungi
Pharmacology: Antihistamines lessen itching by reducing allergic response
Pharmacology: Antiinflammatories reduce inflammation and pain
Pharmacology: Antipsoriatics specifically treat psoriasis
Pharmacology: Antiseptics prevent infection by destroying microbials
Pharmacology: Antivirals lessen effect of viruses (valtrex and zovirax)
Pharmacology: Emollients soften the skin
Pharmacology: Immunomodulators/immunosuppressants suppress immune system
Pharmacology: Keratolytics break down hardened skin and shed top layer of dead skin to treat warts, calluses, corns, acne, rosacea and psoriasis
Pharmacology: Pediculicides destroy lice
Pharmacology: Protectives sun protection factors
Pharmacology: Retinoids derived from vitamin Alters growth of top layer of skin
Pharmacology: Scabicides destroy mites and scabies
Aloe vera used to treat... sunburn and stomach ulcers
Tea Tree Oil used to treat... boils, wound infections, acne
Prefixes: Tel/e distant
Combining forms: Top/o place
Combining forms: Crur/o leg
Combining forms: Squam/o scaly
Combining forms: Occlus/o to close
Created by: alyseg