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Infectious Processs

Unit 2-D

Asepsis Absence of pathogens
Communicable Disease capable of being transmitted more or less rapidly to other persons; also called contagious
Universal Precautions Guidelines recommended by the Center for Disease Control to prevent the transmission of blood-borne pathogens
Sterile 0 pathogens/microorganisms
Vector An animal, especially an insect, that transmits pathogens from infected to non infected persons Can carry pathogens on their body or inside their body, they are indirect
Terminal sterilization Process of sterilizing articles after they have been used and before putting them into circulation
Sanitization Destruction of bacteria through good cleaning processes or possibly by boiling water
Surgically clean Not sterile, but as clean as possible
Human portals of exit *Blood: HBV, HIV, blood-borne pathogens *Fecal matter: Hepatitis, polio, dysentery *Urine: Typhoid fever *Respiratory Secretion "septum": TB, common cold *Saliva: strep, common cold, rabies *Tears: conjunctivitis *Semen & Vaginal secretions: HIV, S
Occurrence of infection *Portal of entry *Resistance of host *Number of organisms *Virulence of the organism
Types of infections *Primary *Secondary *Mixed *Latent
Secondary Usually caused by opportunistic type
Mixed Appendicitis, trench mouth, wound infection
Latent Early TB, malaria
Acute Runs a rapid and severe course terminating abruptly
Chronic Runs a slow course over a long period of time; may last for weeks to years
Acute Period of actual illness with symptoms, degree of fever, and length of time depending upon the disease, condition of patient and treatment
Convalescent Begins with decline of fever and acute symptoms; length of time depends upon the severity of the acute stage, treatment, and general health of the patient
Incubation Period between entrance of organisms to the body and onset of symptoms
Prodromal Short period, usually a day or less, when symptoms are vague or cause only mild discomfort
What is the order of stages of an acute infection? *Incubation *Prodromal *Acute *Convalescent
Created by: Lacey0720